Appl Clin Inform 2017; 08(03): 893-909
DOI: 10.4338/ACI-2016-02-R-0023
Research Article
Schattauer GmbH

Enhancing Patient Safety Event Reporting

A Systematic Review of System Design Features
Yang Gong
1  The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, School of Biomedical Informatics, Houston, Texas, United States
,
Hong Kang
1  The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, School of Biomedical Informatics, Houston, Texas, United States
,
Xinshuo Wu
1  The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, School of Biomedical Informatics, Houston, Texas, United States
,
Lei Hua
1  The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, School of Biomedical Informatics, Houston, Texas, United States
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

17 March 2017

25 June 2017

Publication Date:
20 December 2017 (online)

Summary

Objectives: Electronic patient safety event reporting (e-reporting) is an effective mechanism to learn from errors and enhance patient safety. Unfortunately, the value of e-reporting system (a software or web server based platform) in patient safety research is greatly overshadowed by low quality reporting. This paper aims at revealing the current status of system features, detecting potential gaps in system design, and accordingly proposing suggestions for future design and implementation of the system.

Methods: Three literature databases were searched for publications that contain informative descriptions of e-reporting systems. In addition, both online publicly accessible reporting forms and systems were investigated.

Results: 48 systems were identified and reviewed. 11 system design features and their frequencies of occurrence (Top 5: widgets (41), anonymity or confidentiality (29), hierarchy (20), validator (17), review notification (15)) were identified and summarized into a system hierarchical model.

Conclusions: The model indicated the current e-reporting systems are at an immature stage in their development, and discussed their future development direction toward efficient and effective systems to improve patient safety.

Citation: Gong Y, Kang H, Wu X, Hua L. Enhancing Patient Safety Event Reporting. Appl Clin Inform 2017; 8: 893–909 https://doi.org/10.4338/ACI-2016-02-R-0023

Clinical Relevance Statement

This study advances the knowledge regarding the design features of the current e-reporting systems. Our results hold promise in facilitating the development of e-reporting systems and improving the patient safety in clinical settings.


Protection of Human and Animal Subjects

Human and animal subjects were not included in the project.