Audiovisual Presentations on a Handheld PC Are Preferred As an Educational Tool by NICU Parents
17 January 2010
Accepted 21 April 2010
20 December 2017 (online)
Background Health literacy is critical for understanding complex medical problems and necessary for the well being of the patient. Printed educational materials (PM) have limitations in explaining the dynamics of a disease process. Multimedia formats may be useful for enhancing the educational process.
Objective: To evaluate whether a printed format or animation with commentary on a handheld personal computer (PC) is preferred as an educational tool by parents of a baby in the NICU.
Methods: Parents evaluated two formats: A 1-page illustrated document from the American Heart Association explaining patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) and animation with commentary on a handheld PC that explained the physiology of PDA in 1 minute. The reading grade level of the PM was 8.6 versus 18.6 for the audio portion of the animated presentation. Parents viewed each format and completed a four-item questionnaire. Parents rated both formats and indicated their preference as printed, animation, or both.
Results: Forty-six parents participated in the survey. Parents preferred animation over PM (50% vs. 17.4%. p = 0.02); 39.1% expressed that the animation was excellent; whereas 4.3% expressed that the PM was excellent (p<0.001). The order of presentation of formats, sex, age, and educational level of parents did not influence the method preferred (p>0.05).
Conclusion: Parents preferred animation on a small screen handheld PC despite a much higher language level. Because handheld PCs are portable and inexpensive, they can be used effectively at the bedside with low-cost animation to enhance understanding of complex disease conditions.
Citation: Alur P, Cirelli J, Goodstein M, Bell T, Liss J. Audiovisual Presentations on a Handheld PC Are Preferred As an Educational Tool by NICU Parents. Appl Clin Inf 2010; 1: 142-148 http://dx.doi.org/10.4338/ACI-2010-01-RA-0005
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