Appl Clin Inform 2010; 01(02): 142-148
DOI: 10.4338/ACI-2010-01-RA-0005
Research Article
Schattauer GmbH

Audiovisual Presentations on a Handheld PC Are Preferred As an Educational Tool by NICU Parents

P. Alur
1  WellSpan Health – Pediatrics, York, Pennsylvania, United States
,
J. Cirelli
1  WellSpan Health – Pediatrics, York, Pennsylvania, United States
,
M. Goodstein
1  WellSpan Health – Pediatrics, York, Pennsylvania, United States
,
T. Bell
1  WellSpan Health – Pediatrics, York, Pennsylvania, United States
,
J. Liss
1  WellSpan Health – Pediatrics, York, Pennsylvania, United States
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Correspondence to:

Pradeep Alur, MD, FAAP
1001 S. George Street
York, PA 17403 USA
Phone: 717-851-2613   
Fax: 717-851-2602   

Publication History

Received 17 January 2010

Accepted 21 April 2010

Publication Date:
20 December 2017 (online)

 

Summary

Background Health literacy is critical for understanding complex medical problems and necessary for the well being of the patient. Printed educational materials (PM) have limitations in explaining the dynamics of a disease process. Multimedia formats may be useful for enhancing the educational process.

Objective: To evaluate whether a printed format or animation with commentary on a handheld personal computer (PC) is preferred as an educational tool by parents of a baby in the NICU.

Methods: Parents evaluated two formats: A 1-page illustrated document from the American Heart Association explaining patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) and animation with commentary on a handheld PC that explained the physiology of PDA in 1 minute. The reading grade level of the PM was 8.6 versus 18.6 for the audio portion of the animated presentation. Parents viewed each format and completed a four-item questionnaire. Parents rated both formats and indicated their preference as printed, animation, or both.

Results: Forty-six parents participated in the survey. Parents preferred animation over PM (50% vs. 17.4%. p = 0.02); 39.1% expressed that the animation was excellent; whereas 4.3% expressed that the PM was excellent (p<0.001). The order of presentation of formats, sex, age, and educational level of parents did not influence the method preferred (p>0.05).

Conclusion: Parents preferred animation on a small screen handheld PC despite a much higher language level. Because handheld PCs are portable and inexpensive, they can be used effectively at the bedside with low-cost animation to enhance understanding of complex disease conditions.

Citation: Alur P, Cirelli J, Goodstein M, Bell T, Liss J. Audiovisual Presentations on a Handheld PC Are Preferred As an Educational Tool by NICU Parents. Appl Clin Inf 2010; 1: 142-148 http://dx.doi.org/10.4338/ACI-2010-01-RA-0005


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Conflict of Interest

All authors disclose that they do not have any financial and personal relationships with other people or organizations that may inappropriately influence or bias the objectivity of submitted content and/or its acceptance for publication in this journal.


Correspondence to:

Pradeep Alur, MD, FAAP
1001 S. George Street
York, PA 17403 USA
Phone: 717-851-2613   
Fax: 717-851-2602