Synlett 2015; 26(12): 1649-1664
DOI: 10.1055/s-0034-1380462
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© Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart · New York

C(sp3)–H versus C(sp3)–C(sp) in Activation of Propargylic Amines under Transition-Metal Catalysis

Hiroyuki Nakamura*
Chemical Resources Laboratory, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Nagatsuta-cho, Midori-ku, Yokohama 226-8503, Japan   Email: [email protected]
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

Received: 01 February 2015

Accepted after revision: 23 February 2015

Publication Date:
04 May 2015 (online)


Abstract

Transition-metal-catalyzed C–H and C–C bond activation procedures have attracted significant interest as environmentally friendly processes for organic synthesis. This account summarizes transition-metal-catalyzed transformations of propargylic amines through C(sp3)–H and C(sp3)–C(sp) activation, including hydrogen transfer, deacetylenative homocoupling, fragment exchange, and redox cross-dehydrogenative coupling (CDC). The generation of iminium intermediates is essential for the current transformations based on propargylic amines.

1 Introduction

2 Synthesis of Allenes from Propargylic Amines through Palladium-Catalyzed Hydrogen-Transfer Reactions

2.1 Propargylic Amines as Allenyl Anion Equivalents

2.2 Synthesis of Allenyl Carbinols

2.3 Synthesis of Heterocyclic Allenes

2.4 Mechanistic Study

2.5 One-Pot Synthesis of Allenes from Aryl Halides

3 Substitution Reactions of Propargylic Amines through Copper(I)-Catalyzed C(sp)–C(sp3) Bond Activation

3.1 Substitution Reactions of Propargylic Amines with Secondary Amines

3.2 Substitution Reactions of Propargylic Amines with 1-Alkynes

3.3 Deacetylenative Coupling with Various Propargylic Amines

4 Zinc(II)-Catalyzed Redox Cross-Dehydrogenative Coupling of Propargylic Amines and Terminal Alkynes

5 Conclusion

 
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