Appl Clin Inform 2014; 05(03): 642-650
DOI: 10.4338/ACI-2014-02-CR-0016
Case Report
Schattauer GmbH

A Case Report in Health Information Exchange for Inter-organizational Patient Transfers

J.E. Richardson
1  Department of Healthcare Policy and Research, Center for Healthcare Informatics and Policy, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, USA Health Information Technology Evaluation Collaborative (HITEC), New York, USA
,
S. Malhotra
2  Weill Cornell Physicians Organization, New York, NY
,
R. Kaushal
1  Department of Healthcare Policy and Research, Center for Healthcare Informatics and Policy, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, USA Health Information Technology Evaluation Collaborative (HITEC), New York, USA
,
with the HITEC Investigators› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Correspondence to:

Joshua E. Richardson
Weill Cornell Medical College
1300 York Ave.
New York, NY 10065
Phone: 646.962.2564   
Fax: 646.962.0105   

Publication History

received: 04 March 2014

accepted: 02 June 2014

Publication Date:
19 December 2017 (online)

 

Summary

Objective: To provide a case report of barriers and promoters to implementing a health information exchange (HIE) tool that supports patient transfers between hospitals and skilled nursing facilities.

Methods: A multi-disciplinary team conducted semi-structured telephone and in-person interviews in a purposive sample of HIE organizational informants and providers in New York City who implemented HIE to share patient transfer information. The researchers conducted grounded theory analysis to identify themes of barriers and promoters and took steps to improve the trustworthiness of the results including vetting from a knowledgeable study participant.

Results: Between May and October 2011, researchers recruited 18 participants: informaticians, healthcare administrators, software engineers, and providers from a skilled nursing facility. Subjects perceived the HIE tool’s development a success in that it brought together stakeholders who had traditionally not partnered for informatics work, and that they could successfully share patient transfer information between a hospital and a skilled nursing facility. Perceived barriers included lack of hospital stakeholder buy-in and misalignment with clinical workflows that inhibited use of HIE-based patient transfer data. Participants described barriers and promoters in themes related to organizational, technical, and user-oriented issues.

The investigation revealed that stakeholders could develop and implement health information technology that technically enables clinicians in both hospitals and skilled nursing facilities to exchange real-time information in support of patient transfers. User level barriers, particularly in the emergency department, should give pause to developers and implementers who plan to use HIE in support of patient transfers.

Conclusions: Participants’ experiences demonstrate how stakeholders may succeed in developing and piloting an electronic transfer form that relies on HIE to aggregate, communicate, and display relevant patient transfer data across health care organizations. Their experiences also provide insights for others seeking to develop HIE applications to improve patient transfers between emergency departments and skilled nursing facilities.

Citation: Richardson JE, Malhotra S, Kaushal R. A case report in health information exchange for inter-organizational patient transfers. Appl Clin Inf 2014; 5: 642–650

http://dx.doi.org/10.4338/ACI-2014-02-CR-0016


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Conflicts of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest in the research.


Correspondence to:

Joshua E. Richardson
Weill Cornell Medical College
1300 York Ave.
New York, NY 10065
Phone: 646.962.2564   
Fax: 646.962.0105