Appl Clin Inform 2014; 05(03): 721-730
DOI: 10.4338/ACI-2014-04-RA-0045
Research Article
Schattauer GmbH

Attitudes and Perceptions of Pediatric Residents on Transitioning to CPOE

A.R. Shriner
1  Indiana University School of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics
E.C. Webber
1  Indiana University School of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

received: 23 April 2014

accepted: 30 June 2014

Publication Date:
19 December 2017 (online)


Background: Many resident physicians have experienced transitioning from traditional paper documentation and ordering to an electronic process during their training.

Objective: We sought to investigate the attitudes and perceptions of residents related to implementation of computer provider order entry (CPOE) and clinical decision support (CDS).

Methods: Pediatric residents completed web-based surveys prior to CPOE implementation and at 6 months and 12 months after implementation. The survey assessed resident attitudes and perceptions related to CPOE and the use of CDS tools. Additionally, at 6 and 12 months, residents were asked how electronic medical record (EMR) resources might impact future career decisions.

Results: Prior to CPOE implementation, 70% of residents were looking forward to CPOE, but 28% did not want to transition from paper ordering. At 12 months post-implementation, 80% of residents favored CPOE over paper ordering and only 3.33% wished to revert to paper ordering. Residents reported an increase in time needed to enter admission orders 6-months after CPOE implementation. By 12 months post-implementation, there was no significant difference in perceived time to complete admission orders when compared to pre-CPOE responses. Most residents (91.67%) identified that overall EMR resources were an important factor when considering future employment opportunities. The most important factors included the degree of EMR implementation, technology resources and the amount of support staff. The least important factors included patient portal access and which EMR product is used.

Conclusions: Overall, residents demonstrated a preference for CPOE compared to traditional paper order entry. Many residents remained unaware of CDS tools embedded within CPOE at the 12 month follow-up, but a majority of residents did find them helpful and felt more knowledgeable about current guidelines. EMR resources, including degree of EMR implementation, technology resources and support staff are likely to be important factors as residents take future employment opportunities into consideration.

Citation: Shriner AR, Webber EC. Attitudes and perceptions of pediatric residents on transitioning to CPOE. Appl Clin Inf 2014; 5: 721–730