Appl Clin Inform 2013; 04(03): 403-418
DOI: 10.4338/ACI-2013-05-R-0032
Review
Schattauer GmbH

Medical Student Appraisal

Electronic Resources for Inpatient Pre-Rounding
P.J. Sampognaro
1  Johns Hopkins University, School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, United States
,
S.L. Mitchell
1  Johns Hopkins University, School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, United States
,
S.R. Weeks
1  Johns Hopkins University, School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, United States
,
S. Khalifian
1  Johns Hopkins University, School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, United States
,
T.M. Markman
1  Johns Hopkins University, School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, United States
,
L.W. Uebel
2  Boston College, Boston, Massachusetts, United States
,
J.R. Dattilo
1  Johns Hopkins University, School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, United States
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

received: 16 May 2013

accepted: 02 August 2013

Publication Date:
16 December 2017 (online)

Summary

Background: Pre-rounding is essential to preparing for morning rounds. Despite its importance, pre-rounding is rarely formally taught within the medical school curriculum and more often informally learned by modeling residents. The evolution of mobile applications provides opportunities to optimize this process.

Objectives: To evaluate three options available to medical students while pre-rounding and promote adoption of mobile resources in clinical care.

Methods: Six medical students formed the evaluation cohort. Students were surveyed to assess pre-rounding practices. Participants utilized paper-based pre-rounding templates for two weeks followed by two weeks of the electronic note-taking service EvernoteTM. A review of mobile applications on the iTunesTM and Google PlayTM stores was performed, with each application informally reviewed by a single student. The application ScutsheetTM was selected for formal review by all students. Data was collected from narrative responses supplied by students throughout the evaluation periods and aggregated to assess strengths and limitations of each application.

Results: Pre-study responses demonstrated two consistent processes: verbal sign-out of overnight events and template use to organize patient information. The paper-based template was praised for its organization and familiarity amongst residents, but perceived as limited by the requirement of re-copying data into the hospital’s electronic medical record (EMR). EvernoteTM excelled due to compatibility across multiple operating systems, including accessibility from clinical workstations and ability to copy notes into the hospital’s EMR. ScutsheetTM allowed for retention of data across multiple hospital days, but was limited by inability to export data or modify the electronic template. Aggregated user feedback identified the abilities to customize templates and copy information into the EMR as two prevailing characteristics that enhanced the efficiency of pre-rounding.

Discussion: Mobile devices offer the potential to enhance pre-rounding efficiency for medical students and residents. A customizable EvernoteTM-based system is described in sufficient detail for reproduction by interested students.