Health Information Technology Knowledge and Skills Needed by HIT Employers
15 September 2012
Accepted 16 November 2012
19 December 2017 (online)
Objective: To evaluate the health information technology (HIT) workforce knowledge and skills needed by HIT employers.
Methods: Statewide face-to-face and online focus groups of identified HIT employer groups in Austin, Brownsville, College Station, Dallas, El Paso, Houston, Lubbock, San Antonio, and webinars for rural health and nursing informatics.
Results: HIT employers reported needing an HIT workforce with diverse knowledge and skills ranging from basic to advanced, while covering information technology, privacy and security, clinical practice, needs assessment, contract negotiation, and many other areas. Consistent themes were that employees needed to be able to learn on the job and must possess the ability to think critically and problem solve. Many employers wanted persons with technical skills, yet also the knowledge and understanding of healthcare operations.
Conclusion: The HIT employer focus groups provided valuable insight into employee skills needed in this fast-growing field. Additionally, this information will be utilized to develop a statewide HIT workforce needs assessment survey.
Citation: S.H. Fenton; E. Joost; M.J. Gongora-Ferraez. Health Information Technology knowledge and skills needed by HIT employers. Appl Clin Inf 2012; 3: 448–461
- 1 Altarum Institute, NHII Advisors.. Nationwide health information network (NHIN) workforce study. Final report. Arlington (VA): Department of Health and Human Services; 2007. Report No. HHSP2332004501XI.
- 2 American Medical Informatics Association, American Health Information Management Association.. Joint work force task force: health information management and informatics core competencies for individuals working with electronic health records. 2008 Bethesda (MD).
- 3 Greiner AC, Knebel E. Health professions education: a bridge to quality. Washington, D. C.: National Academies Press; 2003
- 4 HIMSS.. Will your health care organization need to hire more it staff in the next one to two years? iHealth-Beat. 2009 Sept. Available from: http://www.ihealthbeat.org/data-points/2009/will-your-health-care-or ganization-need-to-hire-more-it-staff-in-the-next-one-to-two-years.aspx
- 5 Kloss L. Health information management profession needs to double in size. iHealthBeat Perspectives. 2009 May. Available from: http://www.ihealthbeat.org/Perspectives/2009/Health-Information-Manage ment-Profession-Needs-To-Double-in-Size.aspx
- 6 Masys DR. Effects of current and future information technologies on the health care workforce. Health Affairs 2002; 21 (Suppl. 05) 33-41. doi:10.1377/hlthaff.21.5.33 2002
- 7 Southon FC, Sauer C, Grant CN. Information technology in complex health services: organizational impediments to successful technology transfer and diffusion. JAMIA 1997; 4 (Suppl. 02) 112-124.
- 8 Technology informatics guiding educational reform.. 2006. Available from: http://www.umbc.edu/tiger index.html
- 9 United States Government American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009. Pub. L. No. 111–5 (2009). Available from: http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/getdoc.cgi?dbname=111_cong_bills&docid=f:h1enr.pdf
- 10 Institute of Medicine.. Health IT and patient safety: building safer systems for better care. 2012. Available from: http://www.iom.edu/Reports/2011/Health-IT-and-Patient-Safety-Building-Safer-Systems-for-Better-Care.aspx
- 11 Hersh W. The health information technology workforce. Appl Clin Inf 2010; 1: 192-212 doi: 10.4338/ACI-2009–11-R-0011
- 12 Blumenthal D. The health IT workforce development program: help is on the way- Office of the National Coordinator. 2010 Oct 1. Available from: http://healthit.hhs.gov/portal/server.pt/community/healthit_hhs_gov__10_12_10__the_health_it_workforce_development_program__help_is_on_the_way/3188
- 13 Texas Medical Association.. Why Texas needs more physicians. 2011. Available from: http://www.texmed. org/template.aspx?id=5427
- 14 Texas Hospital Association.. Fast facts on Texas hospitals. 2012. Available from: http://www.tha.org/HealthCareProviders/Advocacy/Hospital%20Facts.pdf
- 15 Fenton SH. Texas health information technology- employer needs assessment. 2012 Feb 3. Available from: http://www.health.txstate.edu/him/TxHIT-workforce/reports/contentParagraph/0/document/TexasHITEmployerNeedsAssessment_RELEASED_03302012.pdf
- 16 Anonymous.. Building the work force for health information transformation. 2006. American Health Information Management Association and American Medical Informatics Association: Chicago, IL and Bethesda, MD. Available from: http://www.ahima.org/emerging_issues/Workforce_web.pdf.
- 17 International Medical Informatics Association, Working Group 1: Health and Medical Informatics Education.. Recommendations of the international medical informatics association (IMIA) on education in health and medical informatics. Method Inform Med 2000; 39: 267-277.
- 18 Huang QR. Competencies for graduate curricula in health, medical and biomedical informatics: a framework. Health Informatics Journal 2007; 13(2); 89–103. doi: 10.1177/1460458207076465.
- 19 Hersh W. The health informatics workforce: unanswered questions, needed answers. Studies In Health Technology & Informatics 2010; 151: 492-503. doi: 10.3233/978–1–60750–476–4–492.
- 20 Grain H, Hovenga E. Health informatics competencies-underpinning e-health. Studies In Health Technology & Informatics 2011; 168: 73-81. doi: 10.3233–978–1–60750–791–8–73.
- 21 Lorenzi N, Bloomrosen M. Accelerating the deployment of a health information technology and informatics workforce through education, training, research, and evaluation. Studies In Health Technology & Informatics 2011; 170: 113-121. doi: 10.3233–978–1–60750–810–6–113.
- 22 Hersh W, Alvaro M, Quiros F, Otero P. Building a health informatics workforce in developing countries. Health Affairs 2010; 29 (Suppl. 02) 275-278. doi: 10.1377/hlthaff.2009.0883.