Health Informatics for Pediatric Disaster Preparedness Planning
03 December 2009
accepted: 06 July 2010
16 December 2017 (online)
Objective: 1. To conduct a review of the role of informatics in pediatric disaster preparedness using all medical databases. 2. To provide recommendations to improve pediatric disaster preparedness by the application of informatics.
Methods: A literature search was conducted using MEDLINE, CINHL and the Cochrane Library using the key words “children” AND “disaster preparedness and disaster” AND “informatics”.
Results: A total of 314 papers were initially produced by the search and eight that met the selection criteria were included in the review. Four themes emerged: tools for disaster preparedness, education, reunification and planning and response.
Conclusion: The literature pertaining to informatics and pediatric disaster preparedness is sparse and many gaps still persist. Current disaster preparedness tools focus on the general population and do not specifically address children. The most progress has been achieved in family reunification; however, the recommendations delineated are yet to be completed.
- 1 Loonsk JW, McGarvey SR, Conn LA, Johnson J. The Public Health Information Network (PHIN) Preparedness initiative. J Am Med Inform Assoc 2006; 13 (01) 1-4.
- 2 Harrison JP, Harrison RA, Smith M. Role of information technology in disaster medical response. Health Care Manag (Frederick) 2008; 27 (04) 307-313.
- 3 Brennan PF. AMIA recommendations for national health threat surveillance and response. J Am Med Inform Assoc 2002; 9 (02) 204-206.
- 4 Brennan PF, Yasnoff WA. Medical informatics and preparedness. J Am Med Inform Assoc 2002; 9 (02) 202-203.
- 5 Tang PC. AMIA advocates national health information system in fight against national health threats. J Am Med Inform Assoc 2002; 9 (02) 123-124.
- 6 Teich JM, Wagner MM, Mackenzie CF, Schafer KO. The informatics response in disaster, terrorism, and war. J Am Med Inform Assoc 2002; 9 (02) 97-104.
- 7 Fox L, Timm N. Pediatric issues in disaster preparedness: meeting the educational needs of nurses-are we there yet?. J Pediatr Nurs 2008; 23 (02) 145-152.
- 8 Markenson D, Redlener I. Pediatric terrorism preparedness national guidelines and recommendations: findings of an evidenced-based consensus process. Biosecur Bioterror 2004; 2 (04) 301-319.
- 9 Seideman RY, Hutchison B, Buckner SK, Myers ST, Miller-Boyle D, MacRobert M, Heath S. The response of children to disaster. MCN Am J Matern Child Nurs 1998; 23 (01) 37-44.
- 10 Pediatric Preparedness for Disasters and Terrorism. A National Consensus Conference [ http://www.bt.cdc.gov/children/pdf/working/execsumm03.pdf ]
- 11 Allen GM, Parrillo SJ, Will J, Mohr JA. Principles of disaster planning for the pediatric population. Prehosp Disaster Med 2007; 22 (06) 537-540.
- 12 Markenson D, Reynolds S. The pediatrician and disaster preparedness. Pediatrics 2006; 117 (02) e340-e362.
- 13 Thomson Reuters.. Endnote X2. Carlsbad: Author; 2009
- 14 Moher D, Cook DJ, Eastwood S, Olkin I, Rennie D, Stroup DF. Improving the Quality of Reports of Meta-Analyses of Randomised Controlled Trials: The QUOROM Statement. Onkologie 2000; 23 (06) 597-602.
- 15 Chan TC, Killeen J, Griswold W, Lenert L. Information technology and emergency medical care during disasters. Acad Emerg Med 2004; 11 (011) 1229-1236.
- 16 Zhao X, Rafiq A, Hummel R, Fei DY, Merrell RC. Integration of information technology, wireless networks, and personal digital assistants for triage and casualty. Telemed J E Health 2006; 12 (04) 466-474.
- 17 Lund A, Lam K, Parks P. Disaster Medicine Online: evaluation of an online, modular, interactive, asynchronous curriculum. CJEM 2002; 4 (06) 408-413.
- 18 Hubble MW, Richards ME. Paramedic student performance: comparison of online with on-campus lecture delivery methods. Prehosp Disaster Med 2006; 21 (04) 261-267.
- 19 Okada Y, Haruki Y, Ogushi Y. Disaster drills and continuous medical education using satellite-based Internet. Methods Inf Med 2000; 39 4-5 343-347.
- 20 Chung S, Shannon M. Reuniting children with their families during disasters: a proposed plan for greater success. Am J Disaster Med 2007; 2 (03) 113-117.
- 21 Unaccompanied and Separated Children in the Tsunami-Affected Countries. http://www.icva.ch/doc00001315.html
- 22 Blake N, Stevenson K. Reunification: keeping families together in crisis. J Trauma 2009; 67 (02) S147-S151.
- 23 Neches R, Ryutov T, Kichkaylo T, Burke RV, Claudius IA, Upperman JS. Design and evaluation of a disaster preparedness logistics tool. Am J Disaster Med. 2010 in press.
- 24 Kondaveti R, Ganz A. Decision support system for resource allocation in disaster management. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc 2009; 2009: 3425-3428.
- 25 Chokshi NK, Behar S, Nager AL, Dorey F, Upperman JS. Disaster management among pediatric surgeons: preparedness, training and involvement. Am J Disaster Med 2008; 3 (01) 5-14.
- 26 Koenig KL. Strip and shower: the duck and cover for the 21st century. Ann Emerg Med 2003; 42 (Suppl. 03) 391-394.
- 27 Brandenburg MA, Watkins SM, Brandenburg KL, Schieche C. Operation Child-ID: reunifying children with their legal guardians after Hurricane Katrina. Disasters 2007; 31 (03) 277-287.