Appl Clin Inform 2024; 15(01): 085-100
DOI: 10.1055/s-0043-1776792
Review Article

Health Information Technology Supporting Adherence Memory Disorder Patients: A Systematic Literature Review

1   School of Nursing, Columbia University Medical School, Columbia University, United States
2   Langone health, New York University Medical School, New York University, New York, United States
Saul Blecker
2   Langone health, New York University Medical School, New York University, New York, United States
Yuval Bitan
3   Department of Health Policy and Management, Ben-Guiron University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel
› Author Affiliations


Background People with memory disorders have difficulty adhering to treatments. With technological advances, it remains important to investigate the potential of health information technology (HIT) in supporting medication adherence among them.

Objectives This review investigates the role of HIT in supporting adherence to medication and therapies among patients with memory issues. It also captures the factors that impact technology adherence interventions.

Methods We searched the literature for relevant publications published until March 15, 2023, using technology to support adherence among patients with memory issues (dementia, Alzheimer's, amnesia, mild cognitive impairment, memory loss, etc.). The review was reported following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) guidelines. We conducted a quality assessment of the papers following the Mixed Methods Appraisal Tool.

Results Fifteen studies were included after carefully reviewing the 3,773 articles in the search. Methodological quality, as appraised, ranged from 80 to 100% with eight studies rated 100%. The studies overall did not have a high risk of bias. Thus, all of the 15 studies were included. Technologies investigated were classified into four groups based on their impact: therapeutic patient education, simplifying treatment regimens, early follow-up visits and short-term treatment goals, and reminder programs. Different technologies were used (automatic drug dispensers or boxes, mobile health-based interventions, game-based interventions, e-health-based interventions, patient portals, and virtual reality). The factors impacting patients' adherence to technology-based treatment and medication were clustered into human–computer interaction and integration challenges.

Conclusion This study contributes to the literature by classifying the technologies that supported medication adherence among patients with memory issues in four groups. It also explores and presents the possible limitations of existing solutions to drive future research in supporting care for people with memory disorders.

Protection of Human and Animal Subjects

No human subjects were involved in the project.

Supplementary Material

Publication History

Received: 07 September 2023

Accepted: 09 October 2023

Article published online:
31 January 2024

© 2024. Thieme. All rights reserved.

Georg Thieme Verlag KG
Rüdigerstraße 14, 70469 Stuttgart, Germany

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