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Health Intelligence Atlas: A Core Tool for Public Health IntelligenceFunding This project was funded from institutional money. No additional funding was received from external sources.
Background The dramatic increase in complexity and volume of health data has challenged traditional health systems to deliver useful information to their users. The novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has further exacerbated this problem and demonstrated the critical need for the 21st century approach. This approach needs to ingest relevant, diverse data sources, analyze them, and generate appropriate health intelligence products that enable users to take more effective and efficient actions for their specific challenges.
Objectives This article characterizes the Health Intelligence Atlas (HI-Atlas) development and implementation to produce Public Health Intelligence (PHI) that supports identifying and prioritizing high-risk communities by public health authorities. The HI-Atlas moves from post hoc observations to a proactive model-based approach for preplanning COVID-19 vaccine preparedness, distribution, and assessing the effectiveness of those plans.
Results Details are presented on how the HI-Atlas merged traditional surveillance data with social intelligence multidimensional data streams to produce the next level of health intelligence. Two-model use cases in a large county demonstrate how the HI-Atlas produced relevant PHI to inform public health decision makers to (1) support identification and prioritization of vulnerable communities at risk for COVID-19 spread and vaccine hesitancy, and (2) support the implementation of a generic model for planning equitable COVID-19 vaccine preparedness and distribution.
Conclusion The scalable models of data sources, analyses, and smart hybrid data layer visualizations implemented in the HI-Atlas are the Health Intelligence tools designed to support real-time proactive planning and monitoring for COVID-19 vaccine preparedness and distribution in counties and states.
Keywordspublic health - data collection - data visualization - COVID-19 - health informatics - health intelligence - social determinants of health - Social Vulnerability Index - health literacy - geographic information systems
Protection of Human and Animal Subjects
This work was reviewed by the Institutional Review Board and concluded it was not humans subjects research.
Received: 03 March 2021
Accepted: 11 August 2021
06 October 2021 (online)
© 2021. The Author(s). This is an open access article published by Thieme under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonDerivative-NonCommercial License, permitting copying and reproduction so long as the original work is given appropriate credit. Contents may not be used for commercial purposes, or adapted, remixed, transformed or built upon. (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
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