Synthesis 2021; 53(02): 279-295
DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1706535
short review

The Application of 4Å Molecular Sieves in Organic Chemical Syntheses: An Overview

Ágnes Magyar
,
Kinga Juhász
,
Zoltán Hell
Á. M. is grateful to the József Varga Foundation for the financial support. The research reported in this paper and carried out at the Budapest University of Technology and Economics has been supported by the National Research Development and Innovation Fund based on the charter of bolster issued by the National Research and Innovation Office under the auspices of the Ministry for Innovation and Technology.


Abstract

In the last two decades, considerable attention has been devoted to the use of 4Å molecular sieves (MS 4A) in organic chemical syntheses. Initially, they were applied as drying agents in order to dry gases, solvents and liquid reagents. Nowadays, there is a growing tendency to apply MS 4A as an additive, catalyst, co-catalyst or catalyst support in organic reactions. In this review, we aim to summarize the recent examples of organic syntheses promoted by MS 4A from 1997 to 2020. We hope to provide the reader with an overview of the potential of MS 4A in the field of organic synthesis.

1 Introduction

2 Application as an Additive

3 Application as Catalyst

4 Application as Co-catalyst

5 Application as Support

6 Conclusion



Publication History

Received: 01 July 2020

Accepted after revision: 06 September 2020

Publication Date:
22 October 2020 (online)

© 2020. Thieme. All rights reserved

Georg Thieme Verlag KG
Rüdigerstraße 14, 70469 Stuttgart, Germany

 
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