Synthesis 2018; 50(07): 1430-1438
DOI: 10.1055/s-0036-1591911
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© Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart · New York

A Continuous-Flow, Two-Step, Metal-Free Process for the Synthesis of Differently Substituted Chiral 1,2-Diamino Derivatives

Margherita Pirola
Dipartimento di Chimica, Università degli Studi di Milano, Via Golgi, 19, 20133 Milano, Italy   Email: maurizio.benaglia@unimi.it
,
Maria Elena Compostella
Dipartimento di Chimica, Università degli Studi di Milano, Via Golgi, 19, 20133 Milano, Italy   Email: maurizio.benaglia@unimi.it
,
Laura Raimondi
Dipartimento di Chimica, Università degli Studi di Milano, Via Golgi, 19, 20133 Milano, Italy   Email: maurizio.benaglia@unimi.it
,
Alessandra Puglisi
Dipartimento di Chimica, Università degli Studi di Milano, Via Golgi, 19, 20133 Milano, Italy   Email: maurizio.benaglia@unimi.it
,
Dipartimento di Chimica, Università degli Studi di Milano, Via Golgi, 19, 20133 Milano, Italy   Email: maurizio.benaglia@unimi.it
› Author Affiliations
M.P. acknowledges Università degli Studi di Milano for a pre-doctoral fellowship. M.B. thanks Università degli Studi di Milano for a H2020-Transition Grant. M.E.C. thanks Fondazione Cariplo for a postdoctoral grant.
Further Information

Publication History

Received: 13 November 2017

Accepted after revision: 28 December 2017

Publication Date:
01 February 2018 (eFirst)

Abstract

The enantioselective organocatalytic reduction of aryl-substituted nitroenamines was successfully performed under continuous-flow conditions. After a preliminary screening with a 10-μL microreactor, to establish the best reaction conditions, the reduction was scaled up in a 0.5-mL mesoreactor, without appreciable loss of enantioselectivity, that remained constantly higher than 90%. The in-flow nitro reduction was also accomplished, either by Raney nickel catalyzed hydrogenation or by a metal-free methodology based on the use of the very inexpensive and readily available reducing agent trichlorosilane. The final aim is to develop a two-step, continuous-flow process for the stereo­selective, metal-free, catalytic synthesis of differently functionalized chiral 1,2-diamines.

Supporting Information

 
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