Synlett 2013; 24(14): 1748-1756
DOI: 10.1055/s-0033-1339483
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© Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart · New York

Catalyst Development in the Context of Ring Expansion–Addition of Carbon Dioxide to Epoxides to Give Organic Carbonates

Christopher J. Whiteoak
a  Institute of Chemical Research of Catalonia (ICIQ), Av. Països Catalans 16, 43007 Tarragona, Spain   Fax: +34(977)920828   Email: akleij@iciq.es
,
Arjan W. Kleij*
a  Institute of Chemical Research of Catalonia (ICIQ), Av. Països Catalans 16, 43007 Tarragona, Spain   Fax: +34(977)920828   Email: akleij@iciq.es
b  Catalan Institute for Research and Advanced Studies (ICREA), Pg. Lluis Companys 23, 08010 Barcelona, Spain
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

Received: 10 June 2013

Accepted after revision: 02 July 2013

Publication Date:
07 August 2013 (online)


Dedicated to Prof. Javier de Mendoza for his contributions to chemical science

Abstract

In the last decade, chemists have increasingly focused on the development of new and more efficient methods for the catalytic conversion of carbon dioxide into value-added organic molecules. Homogeneous catalysis has proved to be a key technology for the conversion of carbon dioxide under particularly mild reaction conditions that meet the increasing societal demands for sustainable chemical processing. In this account article, we focus on the most effective routes developed for ring expansion–addition reaction of carbon dioxide to epoxides mediated by either metal catalysts or organocatalyst systems to give cyclic organic carbonates.

1 Introduction

2 Metal-Mediated Synthesis of Cyclic Organic Carbonates

3 Organocatalyzed Formation of Cyclic Organic Carbonates

4 Mechanistic Considerations

5 Concluding Remarks

 
  • References


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