Synlett 2008(3): 463-464  
DOI: 10.1055/s-2007-1000846
SPOTLIGHT
© Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart · New York

Lawesson’s Reagent: Endowed With Wide Utility in Organic Synthesis

Diogo Rodrigo Magalhães de Moreira*
Faculty of Pharmacy, Federal University of Pernambuco, 50740-520 Recife - PE, Brazil
e-Mail: diogollucio@yahoo.com.br;

Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
16 January 2008 (online)

Biographical Sketches

Diogo Rodrigo de M. Moreira was born in Arapiraca, Brazil in 1984. He received his B.Sc. degree in Pharmacy from the Federal University of Pernambuco (UFPE) in 2005 and his M.Sc. degree in Medicinal Chemistry from UFPE in 2007. He is currently working towards his Ph.D. under the supervision of Prof. Ana Cristina Lima Leite and Prof. Dalci José Brondani. His research interests focus on the synthesis of hydrazones and their metal complexes.

Introduction

Lawesson’s Reagent (LR, Figure [1] ), 2,4-bis(4-methoxyphenyl)-1,3-dithia-2,4-diphosphethane-2,4-disulfide is a versatile and effective thionation reagent; [1] it is best known for the conversion of a wide variety of carbonyl into thiocarbonyl compounds, including the synthesis of phosphorus- and sulfur-containing heterocycles, such as thiazolidinediones, [2] thiothalidomides, [3] 2H-benzo[1,4]thiazine, [4] among others. However, this reagent can efficiently be applied to many other reactions, in particular for the deoxygenation of heterocyclic halobenzyl alcohols, [5] to heterocyclization of acetohydrazidepyridines, which yields [1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyridines, [6] to afford pyrazoles, [7] to [4+2] cycloaddition of α,β-unsaturated ketones, [8] and as a racemization-free coupling reagent in peptide synthesis. [9] LR is stable in solvents like toluene, THF, dichloromethane, and pyridine, [10] it can be used under microwave irradiation and for automated parallel synthesis; it is commercially available and easily prepared by reaction of P4S10 with anisole under heating. [1]

Figure 1

Abstracts

(A) Dodd and Martinez [7] have described a mild one-pot synthesis of 5-substituted aminopyrazoles using LR to promote an efficient cyclization to afford the desired pyrazoles in high yields and to suppress the undesired pyrazolone byproducts. The method is also suitable for solid-phase synthesis.
(B) Moulin and co-workers [6] showed that LR is an excellent promoter for heterocyclization of a variety of acetohydrazidepyridines to the corresponding [1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyridines in high yields.
(C) Recently, Barthakur and co-workers [8] used a three-component reaction of α,β-unsatured ketones, LR, and alkynes under MW irradiation for a rapid synthesis of substituted 4H-thiopyrans in high yields. The method offers several advantages over previously known methods in terms of simplicity, applicability, and purity.
(D) Wu et al. [5] developed a fast and chemoselective deoxygenation of heterocyclic halobenzyl alcohols with LR catalyzed by Mo(CO)6 under MW irradiation, which provided the deoxygenated products in high yields after only 30 min and also without producing dehalogenated byproducts.
(E) Kanwar and Sharma [9] provide a convenient route for the synthesis of monocyclic 2-azetidinones in high stereoselectivity and yields, by using LR in basic medium to mediate the intramolecular cyclodehydration of β-amino acids. These authors related the advantageous properties of the LR to other cyclodehydrating agents in terms of cost, reaction conditions, and also quantities of reactants.
(F) Hussaini and Moloney [10] reported a short approach to cis-2,5-di­substituted pyrrolidines, from the conversion of pyrroglutamic acid ethyl ester into the thiolactam, employing LR in dichoromethane at r.t., giving an excellent yield of thiolactam in high purity. The high efficiency of this method is attributed to the greater solubility of LR in dichoromethane compared to other solvents (such as toluene, THF and pyridine) and also the r.t. conditions, which avoid the formation of a phosphorus impurity reported previously. [11]
(G) More recently, Seijas et al. [12] used LR under microwave irradiation as an efficient promoter system for the synthesis of 2-substituted benzoxazoles or benzothiazoles from carboxylic acids and 2-aminophenol. This method is known as fast, general, and suitable for parallel synthesis.

    References

  • 1 Scheibye S. Shabana R. Lawesson SO. Romming C. Tetrahedron  1982,  38:  993 
  • 2 Albuquerque JFC. Albuquerque A. Azevedo CC. Thomasson F. Galdino SL. Chantegrel J. Catanho MTJ. Pitta IR. Luu-Duc C. Pharmazie  1995,  50:  387 
  • 3 Zhu X. Giordano T. Yu Q.-s. Holloway HW. Perry TA. Lahiri DK. Brossi A. Greig NH. J. Med. Chem.  2003,  46:  5222 
  • 4 Guarda VLD. Perrissin M. Thomasson F. Ximenes EA. Galdino SL. Pitta IR. Luu-Duc C. Heterocycl. Commun.  2000,  6:  49 
  • 5 Wu X. Mahalingam AK. Alterman M. Tetrahedron Lett.  2005,  46:  1501 
  • 6 Moulin A. Martinez J. Fehrentz J.-A. Tetrahedron Lett.  2006,  47:  7591 
  • 7 Dood DS. Martinez RL. Tetrahedron Lett.  2004,  45:  4265 
  • 8 Barthakur MG. Chetia A. Boruah RC. Tetrahedron Lett.  2006,  47:  4925 
  • 9 Kanwar S. Sharma SD. Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn.  2006,  79:  1748 
  • 10 Hussaini SR. Moloney MG. Tetrahedron Lett.  2004,  45:  1125 
  • 11 Jesberger M. Davis TP. Barner L. Synthesis  2003,  1929 
  • 12 Seijas JA. Vazquez-Tato MP. Carballido-Reboredo MR. Crecente-Campo J. Romar-López L. Synthesis  2007,  313 

    References

  • 1 Scheibye S. Shabana R. Lawesson SO. Romming C. Tetrahedron  1982,  38:  993 
  • 2 Albuquerque JFC. Albuquerque A. Azevedo CC. Thomasson F. Galdino SL. Chantegrel J. Catanho MTJ. Pitta IR. Luu-Duc C. Pharmazie  1995,  50:  387 
  • 3 Zhu X. Giordano T. Yu Q.-s. Holloway HW. Perry TA. Lahiri DK. Brossi A. Greig NH. J. Med. Chem.  2003,  46:  5222 
  • 4 Guarda VLD. Perrissin M. Thomasson F. Ximenes EA. Galdino SL. Pitta IR. Luu-Duc C. Heterocycl. Commun.  2000,  6:  49 
  • 5 Wu X. Mahalingam AK. Alterman M. Tetrahedron Lett.  2005,  46:  1501 
  • 6 Moulin A. Martinez J. Fehrentz J.-A. Tetrahedron Lett.  2006,  47:  7591 
  • 7 Dood DS. Martinez RL. Tetrahedron Lett.  2004,  45:  4265 
  • 8 Barthakur MG. Chetia A. Boruah RC. Tetrahedron Lett.  2006,  47:  4925 
  • 9 Kanwar S. Sharma SD. Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn.  2006,  79:  1748 
  • 10 Hussaini SR. Moloney MG. Tetrahedron Lett.  2004,  45:  1125 
  • 11 Jesberger M. Davis TP. Barner L. Synthesis  2003,  1929 
  • 12 Seijas JA. Vazquez-Tato MP. Carballido-Reboredo MR. Crecente-Campo J. Romar-López L. Synthesis  2007,  313 

Figure 1