CC BY-ND-NC 4.0 · SynOpen 2019; 03(02): 59-66
DOI: 10.1055/s-0037-1611876
paper
Copyright with the author

First Stereoselective Total Synthesis of Ciryneol C

Ambati Sharada
a  Centre for Natural Products & Traditional Knowledge, CSIR-Indian Institute of Chemical Technology, Hyderabad, 500 007, India   Email: nagaiah@iict.res.in
,
Lakshmi Srinivasa Rao Kundeti
a  Centre for Natural Products & Traditional Knowledge, CSIR-Indian Institute of Chemical Technology, Hyderabad, 500 007, India   Email: nagaiah@iict.res.in
,
Kallaganti V. S. Ramakrishna
b  Centre for NMR and SC, CSIR-Indian Institute of Chemical Technology, Hyderabad, 500 007, India
,
Kommu Nagaiah
a  Centre for Natural Products & Traditional Knowledge, CSIR-Indian Institute of Chemical Technology, Hyderabad, 500 007, India   Email: nagaiah@iict.res.in
› Author Affiliations
A.S. thanks UGC, New Delhi, India for the award of a Fellowship. The authors thank CSIR, New Delhi, India for financial support and GAP 0623 Ministry of AYUSH.
Further Information

Publication History

Received: 27 March 2019

Accepted after revision: 06 June 2019

Publication Date:
25 June 2019 (online)

 

CSIR-IICT, Communication No. IICT/Pubs./2019/064

Abstract

The acetylene derivative Ciryneol C was isolated from the roots of C. japonicum. The asymmetric total synthesis of Ciryneol C was achieved in seven steps, with Horner–Wittig olefination, regioselective epoxide opening, and Cadiot–Chodkiewicz coupling reactions being the key steps.


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Living organisms such as phytoplankton, wood-rotting fungi, and plants produce enzymes such as chloroperoxidase that can use chloride ions to chlorinate organic compounds for use in cell adhesion and in defense processes.[1] To date, more than 5000 halogenated natural products have been described. Chlorinated acetylene compounds have been found in the secretory canals of Asteraceae species and chlorohydrins in some straight chain acetylenic compounds have been found in Centaurea ruthenica, C. scabiosa and Carthamus tinctorius.[2]

Plant natural products have been used as an alternative to synthetic fungicides because they are considered to be biodegradable and safe for the environment and delicate ecosystems.[3] Cirsium japonicum is a wild perennial herb used as a herbal remedy to treat uterine bleeding and inflammation and is a widely used in Korea, China, Australia, and Japan.[3] Extracts of C. Japonicum roots are also highly active antifungal agents. Polyacetylenes 1-heptadecene-11,13-diyne-8,9,10-triol (1), ciryneol A (2), B (3) and C (4) were isolated from the methanol extract of C. Japonicum roots by Takaishi in 1990 (Figure [1]).[4] Among these polyacetylenes, 1, 2, and 4 inhibited the mycelial growth of plant pathogenic fungi such as Magnaporthe oryzae (rice blast), Rhizoctonia solani (rice sheath blight), Phytophthora infestants (tomato late blight), Puccinia recondita (wheat leaf rust), and Colletotrichum coccodes (red pepper anthracnose) at 500 μg mL–1 with control values of over 90%.[3] These polyacetylenes were also highly active against wheat leaf rust at concentrations of 125 μg mL–1.[3] Both 2 and 4 inhibited the mycelial growth of Botrytis cinerea but 1 had little effect.[3] Ciryneol C 4 strongly inhibited the mycelial growth of Fusarium oxysporum while the other two compounds expressed weak in vitro antifungal activity.[3] Ciryneol C 4 was highly effective in controlling barley powdery mildew, while the other two compounds were moderately active against this plant disease.[3]

KB (Keratin-forming tumor cell line) cell growth inhibited by ciryneols and its derivatives was measured in vitro, with concentrations required to give 50% growth inhibition (ID50) of 39.5, 10.3, 8.6 μg mL–1 for 1, 3, and 4, respectively.[4] The absolute configuration of ciryneol C 4 was proposed on the basis of CD studies and Mosher’s ester analysis.[5]

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Figure 1 Compounds isolated from C. Japonicum

In a continuation of our synthetic studies on bioactive natural products, we report herein the first total synthesis of ciryneol C 4 from oct-7-en-1-ol (7). Molecules containing a chlorine atom at the stereogenic centre along with an adjacent hydroxyl group are not trivial to synthesize under basic conditions. We designed our synthetic strategy as shown in Scheme [1]. Ciryneol C 4 could be obtained from an addition of lithium acetylide and Cadiot–Chodkiewicz coupling of chlorohydrin 5. The synthetic key intermediate chlorohydrin 5 could be derived from regioselective ring opening of trans-epoxy alcohol 6. The latter could, in turn, be obtained from 7.

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Scheme 1 Retrosynthetic analysis of ciryneol C 4

The key fragment, chlorohydrin 5 was synthesized from epoxy alcohol 6, which was, in turn, accessed from 7 through oxidation, Horner–Wittig olefination followed by reduction and Sharpless asymmetric epoxidation (Scheme [2]).[6] The epoxy alcohol 6 was protected as its benzoate ester (BzCl, Et3N, DMAP and CH2Cl2)[7] to give epoxy benzoate 8 in 92% yield. Treatment of epoxy benzoate 8 with the chlorophosphonium reagent generated in situ from N-chlorosuccinamide and triphenylphosphine in toluene at 90 °C gave vicinal dichloride 9 in good yield.[8] The latter was then treated with potassium carbonate in methanol[7] to give alcohol 10 exclusively, but did not furnish chloroepoxide 11.

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Scheme 2 Reagents and conditions: (a) Et3N, DMAP, C6H5COCl, CH2Cl2, 0 °C to r.t., 2 h, 92% yield. (b) Triphenylphosphine, NCS, toluene, 90 °C, 1 h, 88% yield. (c) K2CO3, methanol, 0 °C to r.t., 2 h, 89% yield.

Treating alcohol 10 with NaH in THF at 0 °C led to no reaction, and the starting material decomposed on heating to reflux. When the reaction was repeated with potassium carbonate in methanol at reflux, epoxyether 12 was obtained in 85% yield instead of chloroepoxide 11; the same outcome was observed with Cs2CO3 in ethanol at room temperature, giving epoxyether 13 in 86% yield (Scheme [3]).

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Scheme 3 Reagents and conditions: (d) NaH, THF, 66 °C, 1 h. (e) K2CO3, CH3OH, 65 °C, 2 h, 85% yield. (f) Cs2CO3, C2H5OH, 0 °C, 1 h, 86% yield.

To overcome the above problem, an alternative route was utilized for the synthesis of chlorohydrin 5, involving regioselective ring opening of epoxy alcohol 6 with CeCl3 in monoglyme to furnish the required chlorohydrin 5 in 84% yield (Scheme [4]).[9] Both hydroxy groups of chlorohydrin 5 were then protected as TBS ethers by treatment with TBS chloride and imidazole in DMF to afford 14 in 90% yield.[10] The di-TBS ether 14 underwent subsequent regioselective controlled desilylation in the presence of camphorsulfonic acid in methanol at 0 °C to yield the corresponding primary alcohol 15 in 85% yield.[11] The primary alcohol 15, on treatment with 2-iodoxybenzoic acid (IBX), afforded the corresponding aldehyde 16 [10] in 88% yield, and addition of the organolithium reagent derived from trimethylsilylacetylene to aldehyde 16 afforded a mixture of diastereomers 17a and 17b [12] (9:2 ratio, confirmed by 1H NMR analysis). Attempted removal of the trimethylsilyl group in 17a and 17b under basic conditions (K2CO3 in methanol)[13] led to an unidentified product. Subsequently, we tried to remove both silyl groups with tetrabutylammonium fluoride (TBAF) in THF,[14] but this furnished epoxy alcohols 20a and 20b instead of diols 19a and 19b (Scheme [4]).

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Scheme 4 Reagents and conditions: (g) CeCl3, monoglyme, r.t., 12 h, 84% yield. (h) TBSCl, imidazole, DMAP, DMF, 0 °C to r.t., 24 h, 90% yield. (i) CSA, CH2Cl2, methanol (1:1), –10 °C, 2 h, 85% yield. (j) IBX, DMSO, CH2Cl2, 0 °C to r.t., 4 h, 88% yield. (k) (i) n-BuLi, TMS acetylene, THF, –78 °C (ii) 16, THF, –78 °C, 1 h, 87% yield. (l) K2CO3, CH3OH, 0 °C, 2 h. (m) TBAF, THF, 0 °C, 1 h, 81% yield.

To avoid this issue, the resulting alcohols 17a and 17b were protected using TBSCl, imidazole and DMAP in DMF[15] to give fully protected alkyne 21a and 21b in 92% yield (Scheme [5]); deprotection of the acetylenic function was then successfully achieved (K2CO3 in CH3OH, 91%),[13] followed by deprotection of the di- TBS ether using PTSA (20 mol%) in methanol to give diols 19a and 19b in 89% yield. The diastereomers were separated by column chromatography. Alternatively, alcohols 17a and 17b could be reacted with TBAF (1 M in THF) and acetic acid (1 M in THF) at 0 °C to furnish diols 19a and 19b in 74% yield.

The target molecule ciryneol C 4 was obtained under Cadiot–Chodkiewicz[16] coupling conditions between diol 19a and 1-iodopent-1-yne.

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Scheme 5 Reagents and conditions: (n) TBSCl, imidazole, DMAP, DMF, 0 °C to r.t., 24 h, 92% yield. (o) K2CO3, CH3OH, 0 °C to r.t., 1 h, 91% yield. (p) PTSA, CH3OH, 0 °C to r.t., 2 h, 89% yield. (q) TBAF, acetic acid, THF, 0 °C, 1 h, 74%. (r) CuCl, NH2OH·HCl, n-BuNH2, 1-iodopent-1-yne, diethyl ether, 0 °C, 1 h, 81% yield.

All commercially available chemicals and reagents were used without further purification unless otherwise indicated. All reactions are carried out under N2 atmosphere. Thin-layer chromatography was performed using commercially available silica plates coated with fluorescent indicator and visualization was effected at 254 nm. Column chromatography was carried out using Merck 60–120 mesh silica gel. NMR spectra were recorded in CDCl3 with Bruker 300, 400, and 500 MHz spectrometers. Chemical shifts are reported in parts per million (δ) relative to TMS (0.00 ppm) for 1H NMR and CDCl3 (77.00 ppm) for 13C NMR. Specific rotations were measured with a Digipol 781 M6U Automatic Polarimeter. IR spectra were measured with a Jasco FT/IR-410 spectrometer. HRMS were recorded with an Agilent 6545 Q-TOF LCMS, source ESI. Compounds 6 and 7 were prepared according to the reported methods.[6]


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((2R,3R)-3-(Hept-6-enyl)oxiran-2-yl)methylbenzoate (8)

To a stirred solution of epoxide 6 (1 g, 5.88 mmol) in CH2Cl2 (10 mL) at 0 °C were sequentially added Et3N (1.0 mL, 7.05 mmol), DMAP (86 mg, 705 μmol) and benzoyl chloride (751 μL, 6.46 mmol). Stirring was continued for 2 h and a saturated solution of NH4Cl (3 mL) was added at 0 °C. The reaction mixture was extracted with CH2Cl2 (3 × 20 mL) and the combined organic phases were dried over Na2SO4, filtered, and concentrated. Purification of the residue by silica column chromatography (hexane/EtOAc, 19:1) gave epoxy benzoate 8.

Yield: 1.48 g (92%); colorless liquid; [α]D 20 +23.6 (c 2.0, CHCl3).

IR (neat): 3069, 2928, 1720, 1640, 1451, 1111, 907, 710 cm–1.

1H NMR (300 MHz, CDCl3): δ = 8.07 (dd, J = 1.5, 8.4 Hz, 2 H), 7.58 (tt, J = 1.3, 8.6 Hz, 1 H), 7.45 (tt, J = 1.5, 7.3 Hz, 2 H), 5.88–5.72 (m, 1 H), 5.05–4.89 (m, 2 H), 4.60 (dd, J = 3.2, 12.0 Hz, 1 H), 4.20 (dd, J = 6.0, 12.0 Hz, 1 H), 3.14–3.06 (m, 1 H), 2.94 (td, J = 2.2, 5.4 Hz, 1 H), 2.10–1.98 (m, 2 H), 1.66–1.54 (m, 2 H), 1.54–1.28 (m, 6 H).

13C NMR (100 MHz, CDCl3): δ = 166.2, 138.8, 133.1, 129.7 (3C), 128.3 (2C), 114.3, 65.2, 56.6, 55.3, 33.5, 31.4, 28.7, 28.7, 25.6.

HRMS (ESI): m/z [M + H]+ calcd for C17H23O3 +: 275.1642; found: 275.1639.


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(2S,3S)-2,3-Dichlorodec-9-enyl Benzoate (9)

To a stirred solution of epoxy benzoate 8 (1.0 g, 3.64 mmol) in toluene (45 mL) at r.t. were added Ph3P (2.86 g, 10.9 mmol) and NCS (1.45 g, 10.9 mmol). The mixture was heated at 90 °C for 1 h and the mixture was cooled to 0 °C and treated with sat. aq. Na2S2O3 (20 mL) and sat. aq. NaHCO3 (30 mL). The reaction mixture was extracted with EtOAc (3 × 20 mL), the combined organic phases were dried over Na2SO4, filtered, and concentrated. The crude product was purified by silica column chromatography (hexane/EtOAc, 98:2) to give dichloride 9.

Yield: 1.05 g (88%); colorless oil; [α]D 20 –34.2 (c 2.0, CHCl3).

IR (neat): 3073, 2925, 1725, 1641, 1452, 1268, 911, 710 cm–1.

1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): δ = 8.05 (dd, J = 1.2, 8.2 Hz, 2 H), 7.59 (tt, J = 1.3, 8.8 Hz, 1 H), 7.46 (tt, J = 1.5, 8.0 Hz, 2 H), 5.84–5.74 (m, 1 H), 5.02–4.97 (m, 1 H), 4.96–4.92 (m, 1 H), 4.64 (d, J = 2.7 Hz, 1 H), 4.62 (d, J = 2.8 Hz, 1 H), 4.41 (td, J = 2.4, 6.7 Hz, 1 H), 4.25–4.21 (m, 1 H), 2.08–2.02 (m, 2 H), 1.96–1.89 (m, 2 H), 1.63–1.53 (m, 1 H), 1.48–1.30 (m, 5 H).

13C NMR (100 MHz, CDCl3): δ = 165.8, 138.6, 133.9, 129.7, 129.3, 128.4, 114.4, 65.5, 61.8, 60.9, 35.0, 33.5, 28.5, 28.3, 26.3.

HRMS (ESI): m/z [M + H]+ calcd for C17H23Cl2O2 +: 329.1070; found: 329.1063.


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(2S,3S)-2,3-Dichlorodec-9-en-1-ol (10)

Potassium carbonate (84 mg, 609 μmol) was added to a stirred solution of benzoate 9 (100 mg, 304 μmol) in MeOH (2 mL) at 0 °C and the mixture allowed to stir for 2 h before quenching with NH4Cl (2 mL). The reaction mixture was concentrated and extracted with EtOAc (3 × 5 mL), the combined organic phases were dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated. The residue was purified by silica column chromatography (hexane/EtOAc, 9:1) to give alcohol 10.

Yield: 60.7 mg (89%); colorless liquid; [α]D 20 –62.2 (c 2.0, CHCl3).

IR (neat): 3396, 3077, 2924, 1641, 1461, 1051, 901 cm–1.

1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): δ = 5.88–5.71 (m, 1 H), 5.06–4.90 (m, 2 H), 4.28–4.13 (m, 2 H), 4.01–3.81 (m, 2 H), 2.12–1.82 (m, 5 H), 1.68–1.18 (m, 5 H).

13C NMR (125 MHz, CDCl3): δ = 138.7, 114.4, 65.3, 64.4, 61.9, 35.1, 33.5, 28.6, 28.3, 26.3.

HRMS (ESI): m/z [M + Na]+ calcd for C10H18Cl2ONa+: 247.0627; found: 247.0636.


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(2R,3R)-2-(Hept-6-enyl)-3-(methoxymethyl)oxirane (12)

Potassium carbonate (123 mg, 892 µmol) was added to a stirred solution of alcohol 10 (100 mg, 446 μmol) in MeOH (2 mL) at 0 °C, the mixture allowed to stir at 65 °C for 2 h and then quenched with NH4Cl (20 mL). The reaction mixture was concentrated and extracted with EtOAc (3 × 5 mL) and the combined organic phases were dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated. The residue was purified by silica column chromatography (hexane/EtOAc, 97:3) to give epoxyether 12.

Yield: 69.8 mg (85%); colorless liquid; [α]D 20 –1.2 (c 1.0, CHCl3).

IR (neat): 3070, 2924, 1685, 1453, 1127, 933 cm–1.

1H NMR (300 MHz, CDCl3): δ = 5.89–5.71 (m, 1 H), 5.06–4.89 (m, 2 H), 3.64 (dd, J = 3.0, 11.2 Hz, 1 H), 3.43–3.34 (m, 1 H), 3.39 (s, 3 H), 2.93–2.87 (m, 1 H), 2.82 (td, J = 2.2, 5.5 Hz, 1 H), 2.11–2.00 (m, 2 H), 1.65–1.28 (m, 8 H).

13C NMR (125 MHz, CDCl3): δ = 138.9, 114.3, 72.7, 59.1, 56.7, 55.9, 33.6, 31.6, 28.8, 28.7, 25.7.

HRMS (ESI): m/z [M + Na]+ calcd for C11H20O2Na+: 207.1356; found: 207.1369.


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(2R,3R)-2-(Ethoxymethyl)-3-(hept-6-enyl)oxirane (13)

Cesium carbonate (174 mg, 535 μmol) was added to a stirred solution of alcohol 10 (100 mg, 446 μmol) in EtOH (2 mL) at 0 °C and the mixture allowed to stir for 1 h before quenching with NH4Cl (20 mL). The reaction mixture was concentrated to remove EtOH and extracted with EtOAc (3 × 5 mL). The combined organic phases were dried over Na2SO4, filtered, and concentrated. The residue was purified by silica column chromatography (hexane/EtOAc, 97:3) to give epoxyether 13.

Yield: 76 mg (86%); colorless liquid; [α]D 20 –0.9 (c 1.0, CHCl3).

IR (neat): 3076, 2925, 1640, 1461, 1116, 909 cm–1.

1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): δ = 5.85–5.76 (m, 1 H), 5.00 (dd, J = 1.5, 17.0 Hz, 1 H), 4.94 (dd, J = 1.5, 10.8 Hz, 1 H), 3.66 (dd, J = 3.3, 11.4 Hz, 1 H), 3.60–3.49 (m, 2 H), 3.42 (dd, J = 5.6, 11.4 Hz, 1 H), 2.92–2.88 (m, 1 H), 2.81 (td, J = 2.1, 5.6 Hz, 1 H), 2.08–2.02 (m, 2 H), 1.65–1.31 (m, 8 H), 1.21 (t, J = 7.0 Hz, 3 H).

13C NMR (125 MHz, CDCl3): δ = 138.9, 114.3, 70.8, 66.7, 56.9, 56.1, 33.6, 31.6, 28.8, 28.7, 25.7, 15.1.

HRMS (ESI): m/z [M + H]+ calcd for C12H23O2: 199.1693; found: 199.1694.


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(2R,3S)-3-Chlorodec-9-ene-1,2-diol (5)

To a stirred solution of epoxy alcohol 6 (3 g, 17.6 mmol) in monoglyme (30 mL) at r.t. was added cerium chloride (2.53 g, 8.82 mmol) and stirring was continued for 12 h. The reaction mixture was quenched with sat. aq. NaHCO3 at 0 °C and extracted with diethyl ether (3 × 15 mL). The combined organic phases were washed with brine, dried over Na2SO4, filtered, and the solvent was removed under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica column chromatography (hexane/EtOAc, 85:15) to give chlorohydrin 5.

Yield: 3.0 g (84%); colorless liquid; [α]D 20 –26.0 (c 3.0, CHCl3).

IR (neat): 3358, 3078, 2926, 1640, 1435, 1054, 909, 688 cm–1.

1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ = 5.86–5.75 (m, 1 H), 5.04–4.97 (m, 1 H), 4.97–4.92 (m, 1 H), 3.99–3.92 (m, 1 H), 3.86–3.73 (m, 3 H), 3.04–2.78 (brs, 1 H), 2.57–2.23 (brs, 1 H), 2.10–2.02 (m, 2 H), 1.95–1.85 (m, 1 H), 1.76–1.55 (m, 2 H), 1.48–1.24 (m, 5 H).

13C NMR (100 MHz, CDCl3): δ = 138.8, 114.3, 74.6, 63.8, 63.4, 33.5, 33.5, 28.6, 28.4, 26.1.

HRMS (ESI): m/z [M + Na]+ calcd for C10H19ClO2Na: 229.0966; found: 229.0969.


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(R)-5-((S)-1-Chlorooct-7-enyl)-2,2,3,3,8,8,9,9-octamethyl-4,7-dioxa-3,8-disiladecane (14)

To a stirred solution of diol 5 (1.30 g, 6.31 mmol) in DMF (10 mL) were added imidazole (1.28 g, 18.9 mmol), TBSCl (2.37 g, 15.7 mmol), and DMAP (178 mg, 0.63 mmol) at 0 °C and the mixture was stirred at r.t. for 24 h. The reaction mixture was quenched by the addition of cold water (20 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (3 × 30 mL). The combined organic phases were dried over Na2SO4, filtered and the solvent was removed under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica column chromatography (hexane, 100%) to afford bis-silyl ether 14.

Yield: 2.46 g (90%); colorless oil; [α]D 20 –15.6 (c 0.9, CHCl3).

IR (neat): 2952, 2928, 1641, 1465, 1116, 909, 668 cm–1.

1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ = 5.86–5.75 (m, 1 H), 5.03–4.98 (m, 1 H), 4.96–4.91 (m, 1 H), 4.09–4.03 (m, 1 H), 3.89–3.83 (m, 1 H), 3.66–3.56 (m, 2 H), 2.10–2.02 (m, 2 H), 1.85–1.74 (m, 1 H), 1.72–1.54 (m, 2 H), 1.46–1.25 (m, 5 H), 0.90 (s, 18 H), 0.12 (s, 3 H), 0.09 (s, 3 H), 0.06 (s, 3 H), 0.05 (s, 3 H).

13C NMR (100 MHz, CDCl3): δ = 138.9, 114.2, 76.8, 64.6, 64.1, 33.7, 31.7, 28.7, 28.6, 26.4, 25.9, 25.8, 18.2, 18.1, –4.3, –4.6, –5.4, –5.4.

HRMS (ESI): m/z [M + H]+ calcd for C22H48ClO2Si2 +: 435.2876; found: 435.2885.


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(2R,3S)-2-(tert-Butyldimethylsilyloxy)-3-chlorodec-9-en-1-ol (15)

To a stirred solution of the di-TBS ether 14 (1.30 g, 2.99 mmol) in CH2Cl2 (5 mL) and MeOH (5 mL) at –10 °C, CSA (70 mg, 300 μmol) was added and stirring was continued for 2 h at the same temperature. The reaction mixture was quenched with solid NaHCO3 (52 mg, 620 μmol), filtered, extracted with CH2Cl2 (3 × 20 mL), and the combined extracts were dried over Na2SO4. Filtration, concentration under reduced pressure and purification of the residue by silica column chromatography (hexane/EtOAc, 95:5) gave alcohol 15.

Yield: 814 mg (85%); colorless oil; [α]D 20 –18.2 (c 0.7, CHCl3).

IR (neat): 3422, 3077, 2928, 1641, 1464, 1110, 909, 682 cm–1.

1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ = 5.87–5.75 (m, 1 H), 5.03–4.97 (m, 1 H), 4.96–4.93 (m, 1 H), 4.00–3.94 (m, 1 H), 3.85 (dd, J = 3.5, 11.3 Hz, 1 H), 3.80–3.74 (m, 1 H), 3.66 (dd, J = 3.6, 11.3 Hz, 1 H), 2.11–2.00 (m, 2 H), 1.97–1.86 (m, 1 H), 1.86–1.72 (brs, 1 H), 1.68–1.51 (m, 2 H), 1.46–1.23 (m, 5 H), 0.92 (s, 9 H), 0.13 (s, 3 H), 0.12 (s, 3 H).

13C NMR (100 MHz, CDCl3): δ = 138.8, 114.2, 76.0, 63.7, 62.7, 33.6, 33.5, 28.6, 28.4, 26.2, 25.7, 18.0, –4.4, –4.6.

HRMS (ESI): m/z [M + Na]+ calcd for C16H33ClO2Si Na+: 343.1831; found: 343.1838.


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(3R,4R,5S)-4-(tert-Butyldimethylsilyloxy)-5-chloro-1-(trimethylsilyl)dodec-11-en-1-yn-3-ol (17a)

To a stirred solution of IBX (131.2 mg, 468 μmol) in DMSO (0.5 mL) was added alcohol 15 (100 mg, 312 μmol) in CH2Cl2 (2 mL) at 0 °C and stirring was continued at r.t. for 4 h. The reaction mixture was directly purified by silica column chromatography (hexane/EtOAc, 98:2) to give aldehyde 16 (87.4 mg, 88%). A solution of n-BuLi (0.2 mL, 330 μmol, 1.6 M in hexane) was added to a solution of trimethylsilyl acetylene (0.2 mL, 1.44 μmol) in THF (2.0 mL) at –78 °C. After 20 min a solution of crude aldehyde 16 (87.4 mg, 275 μmol) in THF (2.0 mL) was added at –78 °C, stirring was continued for 1 h and the reaction was allowed to warm to 0 °C over 1 h. The reaction mixture was quenched with sat. aq. NH4Cl (1 mL) and extracted with diethyl ether (3 × 25 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine, dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated in vacuo. The crude product was purified by silica column chromatography (hexane/EtOAc, 98:2) to give a mixture of alcohols 17a and 17b (99.4 mg, 87%) as a colorless liquid.


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Major Isomer (17a)

IR (neat): 3364, 3077, 2929, 2175, 1641, 1463, 909, 698 cm–1.

1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): δ = 5.85–5.76 (m, 1 H), 5.03–4.97 (m, 1 H), 4.96–4.92 (m, 1 H), 4.60–4.55 (m, 1 H), 4.14–4.09 (m, 1 H), 3.91 (dd, J = 4.4, 5.0 Hz, 1 H), 2.14–2.03 (m, 2 H), 2.03–1.95 (m, 1 H), 1.68–1.54 (m, 2 H), 1.46–1.24 (m, 5 H), 0.93 (s, 9 H), 0.17 (s, 9 H), 0.16 (s, 6 H).

13C NMR (100 MHz, CDCl3): δ = 138.9, 114.2, 103.0, 92.1, 78.4, 65.4, 63.5, 33.6, 32.7, 28.7, 28.4, 26.2, 25.9, 18.3, –0.2, –4.1, –4.2.


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Minor Isomer (17b)

1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): δ = 5.85–5.76 (m, 1 H), 5.03–4.97 (m, 1 H), 4.96–4.92 (m, 1 H), 4.60–4.55 (m, 1 H), 4.07–4.01 (m, 1 H), 3.89 (dd, J = 3.3, 5.7 Hz, 1 H), 2.14–2.03 (m, 2 H), 1.94–1.86 (m, 1 H), 1.68–1.54 (m, 2 H), 1.46–1.24 (m, 5 H), 0.94 (s, 9 H), 0.17 (s, 9 H), 0.16 (s, 6 H).

13C NMR (100 MHz, CDCl3): δ = 138.8, 114.3, 104.7, 90.9, 79.0, 63.7, 63.4, 33.6, 33.0, 28.7, 28.4, 26.1, 25.7, 18.3, –0.2, –4.3, –4.4.

HRMS (ESI): m/z [M + H]+ calcd for C21H42ClO2Si2: 417.2406; found: 417.2412.


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(R)-1-((2R,3R)-3-(Hept-6-enyl)oxiran-2-yl)prop-2-yn-1-ol (20a)

To a stirred solution of alcohol 17a and 17b (20.0 mg, 48.0 μmol) in THF at 0 °C, TBAF (96 μL, 96.0 μmol) was added. After 1 h, the reaction mixture was concentrated and purified by silica column chromatography (hexane/EtOAc, 9:1) to give epoxyalcohols 20a and 20b (9.3 mg, 81%) as a colorless liquid.


#

Major Isomer (20a)

IR (neat): 3442, 3309, 2922, 2309, 1642, 1462, 1118, 910 cm–1.

1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ = 5.86–5.75 (m, 1 H), 5.03–4.97 (m, 1 H), 4.96–4.92 (m, 1 H), 4.62–4.58 (m, 1 H), 3.13 (td, J = 2.2, 5.6 Hz, 1 H), 3.03 (dd, J = 2.2, 3.1 Hz, 1 H), 2.52 (d, J = 2.3 Hz, 1 H), 2.39–2.22 (brs, 1 H), 2.10–1.99 (m, 2 H), 1.64–1.56 (m, 2 H), 1.54–1.31 (m, 6 H).

13C NMR (100 MHz, CDCl3): δ = 138.8, 114.3, 80.2, 74.6, 60.7, 59.3, 56.0, 33.5, 31.1, 28.7 (2C), 25.6.


#

Minor Isomer (20b)

1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ = 5.86–5.75 (m, 1 H), 5.03–4.97 (m, 1 H), 4.96–4.92 (m, 1 H), 4.35–4.30 (m, 1 H), 3.02–2.99 (m, 2 H), 2.53 (s, 1 H), 2.39–2.22 (brs, 1 H), 2.10–1.99 (m, 2 H), 1.64–1.56 (m, 2 H), 1.54–1.31 (m, 6 H).

13C NMR (100 MHz, CDCl3): δ = 138.8, 114.3, 81.0, 74.1, 61.9, 60.2, 56.3, 33.5, 31.1, 28.7 (2C), 25.6.

HRMS (ESI): m/z [M + Na]+ calcd for C12H18O2Na: 217.1199; found: 217.1204.


#

(5R,6R)-5-((S)-1-Chlorooct-7-enyl)-2,2,3,3,8,8,9,9-octamethyl-6-((trimethylsilyl)ethynyl)-4,7-dioxa-3,8-disiladecane (21a)

To a stirred solution of alcohols 17a and 17b (500 mg, 1.20 mmol), imidazole (163 mg, 2.40 mmol) and DMAP (15 mg, 0.12 mmol) in DMF (15 mL) was added tert-butyldimethylsilyl chloride (271 mg, 1.8 mmol) at 0 °C and the mixture was allowed to stir at r.t. for 24 h. The reaction mixture was then diluted with water, extracted with EtOAc, dried over Na2SO4, filtered, concentrated and purified by silica column chromatography (hexane, 100%) to give fully protected silyl ethers 21a and 21b (586, 92% yield) as a colorless liquid.


#

Major Isomer (21a)

IR (neat): 2954, 2929, 2174, 1642, 1466, 1093, 910, 699 cm–1.

1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ = 5.86–5.75 (m, 1 H), 5.03–4.96 (m, 1 H), 4.95–4.90 (m, 1 H), 4.44 (d, J = 5.5 Hz, 1 H), 4.15–4.09 (m, 1 H), 3.91–3.87 (m, 1 H), 2.09–2.01 (m, 2 H), 1.90–1.78 (m, 1 H), 1.75–1.53 (m, 2 H), 1.48–1.17 (m, 5 H), 0.92 (s, 9 H), 0.90 (s, 9 H), 0.17 (s, 3 H), 0.15 (s, 9 H), 0.13 (s, 3 H), 0.12 (s, 3 H), 0.11 (s, 3 H).

13C NMR (100 MHz, CDCl3): δ = 138.9, 114.2, 105.5, 91.0, 79.9, 66.3, 64.1, 33.6, 31.9, 28.7, 28.7, 26.3, 26.1, 25.8, 18.4, 18.2, –0.3, –3.8, –4.3 (2C), –4.9.


#

Minor Isomer (21b)

1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ = 5.86–5.75 (m, 1 H), 5.03–4.96 (m, 1 H), 4.95–4.90 (m, 1 H), 4.53 (d, J = 4.7 Hz, 1 H), 4.25–4.20 (m, 1 H), 3.91–3.87 (m, 1 H), 2.18–2.09 (m, 2 H), 1.90–1.78 (m, 1 H), 1.75–1.53 (m, 2 H), 1.48–1.17 (m, 5 H), 0.92 (s, 9 H), 0.91 (s, 9 H), 0.17 (s, 3 H), 0.14 (s, 9 H), 0.13 (s, 3 H), 0.12 (s, 3 H), 0.11 (s, 3 H).

13C NMR (100 MHz, CDCl3): δ = 139.0, 114.2, 105.4, 91.3, 79.0, 65.2, 63.8, 33.7, 32.5, 28.8, 28.5, 26.5, 26.1, 25.9, 18.4, 18.3, –0.4, –4.1, –4.1, –4.4, –4.8.

HRMS (ESI): m/z [M + H]+ calcd for C27H56ClO2Si3: 531.3271; found: 531.3277.


#

(5R,6R)-5-((S)-1-Chlorooct-7-enyl)-6-ethynyl-2,2,3,3, 8,8,9,9-octamethyl-4,7-dioxa-3,8-disiladecane (22a)

To a solution of silyl ethers 21a and 21b (100 mg, 188 μmol) in MeOH (2 mL), was added K2CO3 (52 mg, 376 μmol) at 0 °C. The reaction mixture was allowed to stir at r.t. for 1 h, then diluted with water and extracted with EtOAc (3 × 10 mL). The combine organic extracts were dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated. The residue was purified by silica column chromatography (hexane, 100%) to give 22a and 22b (78.6 mg, 91%) as a colorless liquid.


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Major Isomer (22a)

IR (neat): 3310, 3077, 2926, 2173, 1641, 1465, 1039, 909, 661 cm–1.

1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ = 5.86–5.75 (m, 1 H), 5.03–4.96 (m, 1 H), 4.96–4.91 (m, 1 H), 4.58 (dd, J = 2.0, 4.4 Hz, 1 H), 4.11–4.05 (m, 1 H), 3.86 (dd, J = 4.6, 5.1 Hz, 1 H), 2.39 (d, J = 2.2 Hz, 1 H), 2.09–2.01 (m, 2 H), 1.97–1.85 (m, 1 H), 1.74–1.55 (m, 2 H), 1.45–1.16 (m, 5 H), 0.92 (s, 9 H), 0.91 (s, 9 H), 0.16 (s, 3 H), 0.16 (s, 3 H), 0.14 (s, 6 H).

13C NMR (100 MHz, CDCl3): δ = 138.9, 114.2, 82.9, 80.0, 74.3, 65.8, 63.7, 33.6, 32.5, 28.7, 28.6, 26.2, 26.0, 25.8, 18.4, 18.2, –3.8, –4.3, –4.4, –5.0.


#

Minor Isomer (22b)

1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ = 5.86–5.75 (m, 1 H), 5.03–4.96 (m, 1 H), 4.96–4.91 (m, 1 H), 4.54 (dd, J = 2.3, 4.7 Hz, 1 H), 4.26–4.21 (m, 1 H), 3.91 (dd, J = 3.9, 4.6 Hz, 1 H), 2.39 (d, J = 2.2 Hz, 1 H), 2.09–2.01 (m, 2 H), 1.97–1.85 (m, 1 H), 1.74–1.55 (m, 2 H), 1.45–1.16 (m, 5 H), 0.92 (s, 9 H), 0.91 (s, 9 H), 0.16 (s, 3 H), 0.16 (s, 3 H), 0.14 (s, 6 H).

13C NMR (100 MHz, CDCl3): δ = 139.0, 114.1, 83.3, 79.0, 74.5, 64.7, 63.4, 33.6, 32.5, 28.7, 28.4, 26.4, 25.9, 25.7, 18.3, 18.1, –4.1, –4.2, –4.5, –5.0.

HRMS (ESI): m/z [M + H]+ calcd for C24H48ClO2Si2 +: 459.2876; found: 459.2874.


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(3R,4R,5S)-5-Chlorododec-11-en-1-yne-3,4-diol (19a)

PTSA (38 mg, 21.8 μmol) was added to a stirred solution of di-TBS ethers 22a and 22b (50 mg, 109 μmol) in MeOH at 0 °C and stirring was continued for 2 h. Solid NaHCO3 was added at 0 °C to quench the reaction and the mixture was filtered and concentrated. The crude residue containing diols 19a and 19b was subjected to silica column chromatography (hexane/EtOAc, 7:3) to give diol 19a (18.2 mg, 72.8%) and 19b (4.0 mg, 16.1%) [total yield: 22.3 mg (89%)] as colorless liquids.

Alternatively, a mixture of TBAF (293 μmol, 1 M in THF) and acetic acid (293 μmol, 1 M in THF) was added to a solution of alcohols 17a and 17b (61 mg, 146.6 μmol) in THF (1 mL) at 0 °C and the mixture allowed to stir for 1 h at the same temperature. Removal of the THF and acetic acid in vacuo and purification by silica column chromatography (hexane/EtOAc, 7:3) gave diol 19a (20.4 mg, 60.5%) and diol 19b (4.5 mg, 13.4%) as colorless liquids (total yield: 24.9 mg, 74%).


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Major Compound (19a)

[α]D 20 –18.8 (c 1.1, CHCl3).

IR (neat): 3378, 3296, 3076, 2925, 2117, 1640, 1436, 1041, 910, 642 cm–1.

1H NMR (300 MHz, CDCl3): δ = 5.86–5.76 (m, 1 H), 5.05–4.90 (m, 2 H), 4.89–4.84 (m, 1 H), 3.93 (td, J = 2.4, 9.1 Hz, 1 H), 3.82–3.76 (m, 1 H), 3.42–2.82 (brs, 2 H), 2.56 (d, J = 2.1 Hz, 1 H), 2.14–2.04 (m, 3 H), 1.75–1.58 (m, 2 H), 1.49–1.27 (m, 5 H).

13C NMR (100 MHz, CDCl3): δ = 138.8, 114.3, 80.2, 76.3, 75.6, 64.0, 61.9, 33.5 (2C), 28.6, 28.5, 25.5.

HRMS (ESI): m/z [M + H]+ calcd for C12H20ClO2: 231.1146; found: 231.1152.


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Minor Compound (19b)

[α]D 20 –11.0 (c 0.5, CHCl3).

IR (neat): 3396, 3297, 3076, 2923, 2118, 1640, 1436, 1037, 910, 670 cm–1.

1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ = 5.85–5.76 (m, 1 H), 5.03–4.97 (m, 1 H), 4.97–4.91 (m, 1 H), 4.75–4.70 (m, 1 H), 4.12–4.07 (m, 1 H), 3.82–3.74 (m, 1 H), 3.03–2.88 (brs, 2 H), 2.55 (d, J = 2.2 Hz, 1 H), 2.09–2.02 (m, 2 H), 1.99–1.91 (m, 1 H), 1.80–1.69 (m, 1 H), 1.67–1.57 (m, 1 H), 1.49–1.27 (m, 5 H).

13C NMR (100 MHz, CDCl3): δ = 138.8, 114.3, 81.9, 77.3, 74.8, 62.5, 61.9, 33.5, 32.8, 28.6, 28.4, 25.8.

HRMS (ESI): m/z [M + H]+ calcd for C12H20ClO2: 231.1146; found: 231.1155.


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(8R,9R,10S)-10-Chloroheptadeca-16-en-4,6-diyne-8,9-diol (4)

CuCl (1 mg, 10 μmol) was added to a 30% n-BuNH2 solution at r.t., leading to a blue solution. To discharge the blue color a few crystals of hydroxylamine hydrochloride were added. Alkyne 19a (10 mg, 43.4 μmol) in diethyl ether (1 mL) was then added, the mixture was cooled to 0 °C and 1-iodopent-1-yne (10 mg, 52 μmol) in diethyl ether (0.5 mL) was added. The reaction mixture was allowed to warm to r.t. and stirring was continued for 30 min. It was necessary to add hydroxylamine hydrochloride crystals at appropriate intervals during the reaction to prevent the solution from turning blue or green. The reaction mixture was extracted with diethyl ether (3 × 10 mL), the combined extracts were dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure. The crude product was purified by silica column chromatography (hexane/EtOAc, 9:1) to give ciryneol C 4.

Yield: 10.4 mg (81%); [α]D 20 +1.3 (c 0.9, CHCl3) {lit.[4] ciryneol C, [α]D 23 +20.7 (c 1.0, CHCl3)}.

IR (neat): 3308, 3289, 3031, 2925, 2254, 1641, 1460, 1053, 910, 649 cm–1.

1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): δ = 5.81 (m, 1 H, H-2), 5.00 (m, 1 H, H-1), 4.95 (m, 1 H, H-1′), 4.88 (m, 1 H, H-10), 3.92 (m, 1 H, H-8), 3.77 (m, 1 H, H-9), 2.93 (m, 1 H, H9-OH), 2.73 (m, 1 H, H10-OH), 2.26 (m, 2 H, H-15, H-15′), 2.06 (m, 3 H, H-3, H-3′, H-6 ), 1.71 (m, 2 H, H-7, H-7′), 1.62 (m, 3 H, H-5, H-5′, H-6′), 1.57 (m, 2 H, H-16, H-16′ ), 1.41 (m, 2 H, H-4, H-4′), 0.99 (t, 3 H, J = 7.4 Hz, H-17).

13C NMR (100 MHz, CDCl3): δ = 138.9, 114.3, 82.1, 76.6, 72.4, 71.6, 64.8, 64.2, 62.0, 33.6, 33.5, 28.6, 28.5, 25.5, 21.5, 21.1, 13.4.

HRMS (ESI): m/z [M + Na]+ calcd for C17H25ClO2Na+: 319.1435; found: 319.1421.

The assignment of protons was based on 2D NMR (gDQFCOSY, and NOESY) experiments. The presence of characteristic NOE correlations between C8H/C10H, C8H/α-OH, C9H/C7H, C10H/β-OH, C8H/C6H, confirmed the assigned structure (see the Supporting Information).


#
#

Supporting Information

  • References

  • 1 Myneni SC. B. Science 2002; 295: 1039
  • 2 Engvild KC. Phytochemistry 1986; 25: 781
  • 3 Yoon M.-Y, Choi GJ, Choi YH, Jang KS, Cha B, Kim JC. Industrial Crops and Products 2011; 34: 882; and references therein
  • 4 Takaishi Y, Okuyama T, Masuda A, Nakano K, Murakami K, Tomimastu T. Phytochemistry 1990; 29: 3849
  • 5 Lai W.-C, Wu Y.-C, Danko B, Cheng Y.-B, Hsieh T.-J, Hsieh C.-T, Tsai Y.-C, El-Shazly M, Martins A, Hohmann J, Hunyadi A, Chang F.-R. J. Nat. Prod. 2014; 77: 1624
  • 6 Castejon P, Moyano A, Pericas MA, Riera A. Synth. Commun. 1994; 24: 1231
  • 7 Watanbe H, Watanable H, Kitahra T. Tetrahedron Lett. 1998; 39: 8313
  • 8 Yoshimitsu T, Fukumoto N, Nakatani R, Kojima N, Tanaka T. J. Org. Chem. 2010; 75: 5425
  • 9 Wang C, Yamamoto H. Org. Lett. 2014; 16: 5937
  • 10 Sharada A, Rao SL. K, Yadav SJ, Rao PT, Nagaiah K. Synthesis 2017; 47: 2483
  • 11 Ramulu U, Ramesh D, Reddy SP, Rajaram S, Babu KS. Tetrahedron: Asymmetry 2014; 25: 1409
  • 12 Mori K. Tetrahedron 2012; 68: 1936
    • 13a Burova SA, McDonald FE. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2002; 124: 8188
    • 13b Rao KN, Kanakaraju M, Kunwar CA, Ghosh S. Org. Lett. 2016; 18: 4092
  • 14 Wu C.-J, Madhushaw RJ, Liu R.-S. J. Org. Chem. 2003; 68: 7889
  • 15 Vedrenne E, Royer F, Oble J, El Kaïm L, Grimaud L. Synlett 2005; 2379
  • 16 Cadiot P, Chodkiewicz W. In Chemistry of Acetylenes . Viehe HG. Marcel Dekker; New York: 1969: 597-647

  • References

  • 1 Myneni SC. B. Science 2002; 295: 1039
  • 2 Engvild KC. Phytochemistry 1986; 25: 781
  • 3 Yoon M.-Y, Choi GJ, Choi YH, Jang KS, Cha B, Kim JC. Industrial Crops and Products 2011; 34: 882; and references therein
  • 4 Takaishi Y, Okuyama T, Masuda A, Nakano K, Murakami K, Tomimastu T. Phytochemistry 1990; 29: 3849
  • 5 Lai W.-C, Wu Y.-C, Danko B, Cheng Y.-B, Hsieh T.-J, Hsieh C.-T, Tsai Y.-C, El-Shazly M, Martins A, Hohmann J, Hunyadi A, Chang F.-R. J. Nat. Prod. 2014; 77: 1624
  • 6 Castejon P, Moyano A, Pericas MA, Riera A. Synth. Commun. 1994; 24: 1231
  • 7 Watanbe H, Watanable H, Kitahra T. Tetrahedron Lett. 1998; 39: 8313
  • 8 Yoshimitsu T, Fukumoto N, Nakatani R, Kojima N, Tanaka T. J. Org. Chem. 2010; 75: 5425
  • 9 Wang C, Yamamoto H. Org. Lett. 2014; 16: 5937
  • 10 Sharada A, Rao SL. K, Yadav SJ, Rao PT, Nagaiah K. Synthesis 2017; 47: 2483
  • 11 Ramulu U, Ramesh D, Reddy SP, Rajaram S, Babu KS. Tetrahedron: Asymmetry 2014; 25: 1409
  • 12 Mori K. Tetrahedron 2012; 68: 1936
    • 13a Burova SA, McDonald FE. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2002; 124: 8188
    • 13b Rao KN, Kanakaraju M, Kunwar CA, Ghosh S. Org. Lett. 2016; 18: 4092
  • 14 Wu C.-J, Madhushaw RJ, Liu R.-S. J. Org. Chem. 2003; 68: 7889
  • 15 Vedrenne E, Royer F, Oble J, El Kaïm L, Grimaud L. Synlett 2005; 2379
  • 16 Cadiot P, Chodkiewicz W. In Chemistry of Acetylenes . Viehe HG. Marcel Dekker; New York: 1969: 597-647

Zoom Image
Figure 1 Compounds isolated from C. Japonicum
Zoom Image
Scheme 1 Retrosynthetic analysis of ciryneol C 4
Zoom Image
Scheme 2 Reagents and conditions: (a) Et3N, DMAP, C6H5COCl, CH2Cl2, 0 °C to r.t., 2 h, 92% yield. (b) Triphenylphosphine, NCS, toluene, 90 °C, 1 h, 88% yield. (c) K2CO3, methanol, 0 °C to r.t., 2 h, 89% yield.
Zoom Image
Scheme 3 Reagents and conditions: (d) NaH, THF, 66 °C, 1 h. (e) K2CO3, CH3OH, 65 °C, 2 h, 85% yield. (f) Cs2CO3, C2H5OH, 0 °C, 1 h, 86% yield.
Zoom Image
Scheme 4 Reagents and conditions: (g) CeCl3, monoglyme, r.t., 12 h, 84% yield. (h) TBSCl, imidazole, DMAP, DMF, 0 °C to r.t., 24 h, 90% yield. (i) CSA, CH2Cl2, methanol (1:1), –10 °C, 2 h, 85% yield. (j) IBX, DMSO, CH2Cl2, 0 °C to r.t., 4 h, 88% yield. (k) (i) n-BuLi, TMS acetylene, THF, –78 °C (ii) 16, THF, –78 °C, 1 h, 87% yield. (l) K2CO3, CH3OH, 0 °C, 2 h. (m) TBAF, THF, 0 °C, 1 h, 81% yield.
Zoom Image
Scheme 5 Reagents and conditions: (n) TBSCl, imidazole, DMAP, DMF, 0 °C to r.t., 24 h, 92% yield. (o) K2CO3, CH3OH, 0 °C to r.t., 1 h, 91% yield. (p) PTSA, CH3OH, 0 °C to r.t., 2 h, 89% yield. (q) TBAF, acetic acid, THF, 0 °C, 1 h, 74%. (r) CuCl, NH2OH·HCl, n-BuNH2, 1-iodopent-1-yne, diethyl ether, 0 °C, 1 h, 81% yield.