Plant Biol (Stuttg) 2005; 7(2): 131-139
DOI: 10.1055/s-2005-837494
Review Article

Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart KG · New York

Parthenocarpic Fruit Development in Tomato

B. Gorguet1 , A. W. van Heusden1 , P. Lindhout1
  • 1Laboratory of Plant Breeding, Graduate School of Plant Sciences, Wageningen University, P.O. Box 386, 6700 AJ Wageningen, The Netherlands
Further Information

Publication History

Received: January 16, 2004

Accepted: August 17, 2004

Publication Date:
21 March 2005 (online)


Parthenocarpic fruit development is a very attractive trait for growers and consumers. In tomato, three main sources of facultative parthenocarpy, pat, pat-2, pat-3/pat-4, are known to have potential applications in agriculture. The parthenocarpic fruit development in these lines is triggered by a deregulation of the hormonal balance in some specific tissues. Auxins and gibberellins are considered as the key elements in parthenocarpic fruit development of those lines. An increased level of these hormones in the ovary can substitute for pollination and trigger fruit development. This has opened up genetic engineering approaches for parthenocarpy that have given promising results, both in quality and quantity of seedless fruit production.


B. Gorguet

Laboratory of Plant Breeding
Graduate School of Plant Sciences
Wageningen University

P.O. Box 386

6700 AJ Wageningen

The Netherlands


Editor: J. Raven