Thorac Cardiovasc Surg
DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1722730
How to Do It

Papillary Muscle Heads Focalization for Functional Mitral Regurgitation with Severe Tethering

Masatoshi Hata
Sabine Bleiziffer
René Schramm
Jan F. Gummert


We performed “Papillary muscle heads focalization” for three patients with severe functional mitral regurgitation with severe leaflet tethering (coaptation distance ≥1 cm and/or posterior leaflet angle ≥45 degrees). All separated papillary muscle heads were sutured together and both the anterolateral and posteromedial papillary muscles were reconstructed as single head papillary muscles. The stitches are positioned to adjust the levels of mitral leaflet tips, concerning the length of the marginal chordae connected to each head. A downsized annuloplasty is performed concomitantly. At discharge, no patient showed moderate/severe mitral regurgitation. Their coaptation lengths were 7.1, 8.5, and 8.3 mm.


Eingereicht: 04. Oktober 2020

Angenommen: 23. November 2020

08. April 2021 (online)

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