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Laparoscopic Vascular Hitch for Polar Vessels in Pyeloureteric Junction Obstruction: Medium-Term Follow-up of a Monocentric Experience
Introduction To evaluate medium-term results of the management of patients with pyeloureteric junction obstruction (PUJO) secondary to lower pole vessels managed by a laparoscopic vascular hitch technique.
Materials and Methods We performed a retrospective monocentric study of all patients who were operated using this technique, transperitoneal laparoscopy (TL) or robotic surgery (RS), from 2011 to 2018. Description of the initial population, pre- and postoperative data was collected and analyzed.
Results During the study period, 25 patients (11 males and 14 females) with a mean age of 11.1 years were managed. Initial symptoms leading to the diagnosis were present in 21 children (lumbar pain 17, high blood pressure 1, and infection 3). Four patients were diagnosed incidentally (three) or following a prenatal screening (one). The diagnostic has been confirmed in all patients by ultrasound scan completed by computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging scans. Twenty-one patients were operated by TL and four by RS. Mean operating time was 90.2 minutes. Three immediate postoperative complications were noticed including one urinary tract infection, one urinary tract rupture, and one postoperative massive dilatation. After a mean follow-up of 3 1.5 years, 17 patients remain asymptomatic. Mean pelvic diameter was preoperatively 35 mm and postoperatively 10.5 mm (p < 0.005). Of the eight remaining patients, six required reoperation (pyeloplasty) and two remained symptomatic with recurrent flank pain.
Conclusion In our experience, PUJO managed by the vascular hitch technique is associated with a 68% success rate after a 3-year follow-up. These results are different from the current literature which reported success rate of 96% after 52 months. It leads us to question the efficiency of this technique in the long term in our hands both concerning the indications and the surgical procedure itself. Further studies are required to collect data concerning the evolution of our patients during adulthood to compare their evolution to classic pyeloplasty.
Received: 27 September 2019
Accepted: 08 May 2020
21 June 2020 (online)
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