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Does Renal Function Remain Stable after Puberty in Children who underwent Ureteral Reimplantation due to Ureterovesical Junction Obstruction?
Introduction Ureteric reimplantation due to ureterovesical junction (UVJ) obstruction enjoys high success in the short term. However, renal function after reimplantation must accommodate the numerous changes in the pediatric urinary tract that occur along with child development that may theoretically cause an occult loss of renal function. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether improved renal function after ureter reimplantation for antenatal diagnosed UVJ obstruction remains stable after puberty.
Materials and Methods Twenty-one children who underwent open reimplantation using Politano–Leadbetter technique were followed until they completed puberty. Mean age at surgery was 14.3 months (range: 3–60 months). Five (23.8%) of 21 children had right hydronephrosis, 13 (61.9%) had left hydronephrosis, and 3 (14.3%) had bilateral hydronephrosis. The Society for Fetal Urology (SFU) level of the hydronephrosis was 3 (47.6%) in 10 children and 4 (52.4%) in remaining 11. Fourteen (66.6%) patients had poor renal function upon surgery and the remaining seven (33.4%) patients had moderate renal function. The mean renal function upon operation was 28 ± 4.3 (mean ± standard deviation [SD]).
Results Reimplantation led to the increase in the RRF in the short-term period from 28 ± 4.3% prior to the surgery to 36.4 ± 5% (p < 0.001) in all patients and remains stable 35 ± 5% after puberty in all the reviewed patients.
Conclusion Our data demonstrate for the first time that successful ureteral reimplantation following antenatal diagnosis of UVJ obstruction is associated with an improvement in renal function, not only during short- and midterm follow-up but also allows preserving the renal function throughout the puberty period.
Keywordsrenal function ureter - obstructive megaureter - UVJ obstruction - prenatal diagnosis - puberty
Received: 19 January 2020
Accepted: 05 April 2020
25 May 2020 (online)
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