Synthesis 2020; 52(20): 3086-3094
DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1707347
paper
© Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart · New York

Reductive Condensation of a Nitro Group with Carboxylic Acids Promoted by Phosphorus(III) Compounds: A Short Route to 5H-Dibenzo[b,e][1,4]diazepin-11(10H)-ones

Michał Tryniszewski
a  Warsaw University of Technology, Faculty of Chemistry, ul. Noakowskiego 3, 00-664 Warsaw, Poland
b  Institute of Organic Chemistry, Polish Academy of Sciences, Kasprzaka 44/52, 00-266 Warsaw, Poland   Email: zbigniew.wrobel@icho.edu.pl
,
Robert Bujok
b  Institute of Organic Chemistry, Polish Academy of Sciences, Kasprzaka 44/52, 00-266 Warsaw, Poland   Email: zbigniew.wrobel@icho.edu.pl
,
Roman Gańczarczyk
a  Warsaw University of Technology, Faculty of Chemistry, ul. Noakowskiego 3, 00-664 Warsaw, Poland
,
Zbigniew Wróbel
b  Institute of Organic Chemistry, Polish Academy of Sciences, Kasprzaka 44/52, 00-266 Warsaw, Poland   Email: zbigniew.wrobel@icho.edu.pl
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

Received: 26 February 2020

Accepted after revision: 28 May 2020

Publication Date:
21 July 2020 (online)


Abstract

Tributyl- or triphenylphosphine promotes a one-pot, three-step method for the synthesis of differently substituted dibenzodiazepinones from N-aryl-2-nitroanilines. Pyridine analogues and the corresponding thiazepinones can also be formed using this method. The process involves deoxygenation of the nitro group, then formation of an iminophosphorane intermediate and its intramolecular condensation with a carboxyl group placed in the N-aryl group. The role of the carboxyl group in the formation of the iminophosphorane and the mode of cyclization are discussed.

Supporting Information

 
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