Am J Perinatol 2018; 35(14): 1429-1432
DOI: 10.1055/s-0038-1660469
Original Article
Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

Labor Curves in Multiparous Women Related to Interbirth Intervals

Brittney E. Mason
1  Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Jackson Health System, Miami, Florida
,
Melissa C. Matulich
2  Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of California Davis, Davis, California
,
Kate Swanson
3  Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois
,
Erin A. Irwin
4  Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois
,
Alfred W. Rademaker
5  Department of Preventive Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois
,
Alan M. Peaceman
3  Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois
,
Dana R. Gossett
6  Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of California San Francisco School of Medicine, San Francisco, California
› Institutsangaben
Funding None.
Weitere Informationen

Publikationsverlauf

20. Dezember 2017

02. Mai 2018

Publikationsdatum:
19. Juni 2018 (online)

Abstract

Objective Previous studies have shown that risk of cesarean section increases among multiparous women as interbirth interval increases. One possibility is that progress of labor may vary with interbirth interval, such that with longer intervals, labor curves of multiparas more closely resemble those of nulliparas. We sought to define labor curves among a cohort of multiparas with varying interbirth intervals.

Study Design This was a retrospective cohort study of term multiparas with known interval from last delivery and only vaginal deliveries. Subjects were grouped by interval between the studied pregnancy and the most recent birth: 0 to 59, 60 to 119, and ≥120 months. Statistical analysis was performed using linear mixed effects model. Group slopes and intercepts were compared using model t-tests for individual effects. Length of second stage was compared using a Wilcoxon's rank-sum test.

Results Groups did not differ significantly in demographic or obstetrical characteristics. Rate of dilation was similar between the 0 to 59 and 60 to 119 month groups (p = 0.38), but faster in the ≥120 month group compared with the 60 to 119 month group (p = 0.037). Median duration of second stage increased slightly with increased interbirth interval (p = 0.003).

Conclusion Prolonged interbirth interval is not associated with slower active phase of labor.