Am J Perinatol 2018; 35(14): 1423-1428
DOI: 10.1055/s-0038-1660460
Original Article
Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

Maternal Obesity Is an Independent Risk Factor for Intensive Care Unit Admission during Delivery Hospitalization

Heather R. Masters
1  Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio
,
Emily Housley
1  Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio
,
James W. Van Hook
2  Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Toledo, Toledo, Ohio
,
Emily DeFranco
1  Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio
› Author Affiliations
Funding Dr. DeFranco received research funding from the Perinatal Institute, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio; March of Dimes Grant 22-FY14–470. The funding source had no involvement in the study design, analysis, writing report, or decision to submit for publication.
Further Information

Publication History

05 September 2017

23 April 2018

Publication Date:
19 June 2018 (online)

Abstract

Objective We aim to quantify the impact of obesity on maternal intensive care unit (ICU) admission.

Materials and Methods This is a population-based, retrospective cohort study of Ohio live births from 2006 to 2012. The primary outcome was maternal ICU admission. The primary exposure was maternal body mass index (BMI). Relative risk (RR) of ICU admission was calculated by BMI category. Multivariate logistic regression quantified the risk of obesity on ICU admission after adjustment for coexisting factors.

Results This study includes 999,437 births, with peripartum maternal ICU admission rate of 1.10 per 1,000. ICU admission rate for BMI 30 to 39.9 kg/m2 was 1.24 per 1,000, RR: 1.20 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.07, 1.35); BMI 40 to 49.9 kg/m2 had ICU admission rate of 1.80 per 1,000, RR: 1.73 (95% CI: 1.38, 2.17); and BMI ≥ 50 kg/m2 had ICU admission rate of 2.98 per 1,000, RR: 1.73 (95% CI: 1.77, 4.68). After adjustment, these increases persisted in women with BMI 40 to 49.9 kg/m2 with adjusted relative risk (adjRR) of 1.37 (95% CI: 1.05, 1.78) and in women with BMI ≥ 50 kg/m2, adjRR: 1.69 (95% CI: 1.01, 2.83).

Conclusion Obesity is a risk factor for maternal ICU admission. Risk increases with BMI. After adjustment, BMI ≥ 40 kg/m2 is an independent risk factor for ICU admission.

Note

This study includes data provided by the Ohio Department of Health which should not be considered an endorsement of this study or its conclusions.