Eur J Pediatr Surg 2018; 28(02): 194-199
DOI: 10.1055/s-0037-1598104
Original Article
Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Gastrointestinal Basidiobolomycosis: An Emerging, and A Confusing, Disease in Children (A Multicenter Experience)

Khalid Shreef
Department of Pediatric Surgery, Zagazig University Hospital, Zagazig, Egypt
Department of Pediatric Surgery, King Fahd Armed Forces Hospital Southern Region, Khamis Mushayt, Asser, Saudi Arabia
,
Mervat Saleem
Department of Pediatric Surgery, Abha Maternity and Children's Hospital, Southern Region, Abha, Asser, Saudi Arabia
,
Mayssa Adballah Saeedd
Department of Tropical Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Egypt
,
Mohamed Eissa
Department of Clinical Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University, Abha, Egypt
Pathology Department, College of Medicine, King Khaled University, Abha, Saudi Arabia
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

24 October 2016

12 December 2016

Publication Date:
06 February 2017 (eFirst)

Abstract

Introduction Gastrointestinal basidiobolomycosis (GIB) is an emerging fungal infection in children that leads to diagnostic confusion.

Aim Our study aim was twofold: a systematic review of published literature and an update of some Saudi Arabia hospital series to analyze their as well as our own experience in diagnosis and management of GIB.

Material and Methods This clinical study included 18 children whose final diagnosis was GIB. The patients, who ranged in age from 5 to 10 years, were admitted between November 2009 and November 2015 with vague abdominal pains with or without abdominal masses for further investigation.

Results Abdominal pain was the most common presenting symptom (94.4%) followed by constipation and abdominal mass (83.3 and 77.8%, respectively); fever was present in only 22.2% of the cases. Elevated inflammatory markers and eosinophilia (94.4%) appeared as prominent laboratory findings.

Conclusion We conclude that diagnosing GIB in children requires a high index of suspicion, awareness, and consideration of its possibility in the differential diagnosis in patients with abdominal masses and eosinophilia, particularly in areas where it is endemic. Increased awareness of this clinical entity, early surgical resection of the infected tissue, and prolonged treatment with itraconazole offer the best chance for curing the disease.