Homoconjugated and Spiro Push–Pull Systems: Cycloadditions of Naphtho- and Anthradiquinones with Electron-Rich Alkynes
Received: 31 January 2017
Accepted after revision: 08 March 2017
11 April 2017 (eFirst)
We report the synthesis and characterization of three new classes of push–pull chromophores using [2+2]-cycloaddition reactions of electron-rich alkynes and electron-poor alkenes. Previous investigations have focused on the reactions of cyano-substituted electron acceptors. This study demonstrates that cyano-free electron acceptors, naphtho- and anthradiquinones, can also be used to access extended push–pull systems. The effects of the structural changes on the spectroscopic and electronic properties were investigated by UV/vis spectroscopy. Structures were confirmed by X-ray and NMR analysis in solution.