Thoracoscopy versus Thoracotomy for Esophageal Atresia and Tracheoesophageal Fistula Repair: Review of the Literature and Meta-analysis
29 August 2012
30 August 2012
21 November 2012 (online)
Introduction The thoracoscopic approach to esophageal atresia (EA) with tracheoesophageal fistula (TOF) represents a challenging procedure whose real benefits remains unclear. Our purpose is to identify, through a meta-analysis, clinical evidence of the reliability of the thoracoscopic repair (TR) for EA/TOF compared with the open repair.
Materials and Methods Defined PubMed search, with analysis of intraoperative and postoperative complications after open or thoracoscopic primary anastomosis for EA/TOF.
Results Five articles met the criteria of meta-analysis, being comparative studies between TR and conventional open repair (COR), although they were retrospective. One article was excluded because it was available only in Japanese. We observed a slight prevalence, statistically insignificant, of the intraoperative and postoperative complication rate for TR: odds ratio (OR) 1.29. Excluding the conversion rate, the meta-analysis between the complication rate for TR and COR did not show a significant difference (OR 0.64). Anastomosis's leaks and strictures considered together did not show a significant difference between the two techniques, p = not significant and OR of 0.56. Similar results were observed analyzing the single outcome of leaks and strictures; the meta-analysis did not show any significant differences with an OR, respectively, of 1.05 and 0.43.
Conclusions The effectiveness of the endoscopic technique for EA/TOF repair is indicated with outcomes not different from open surgery. A randomized controlled trial is needed in this field to indicate which procedure is superior, open or TR.
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