Effectiveness of the Antegrade Colonic Enema Stopper at Preventing Stomal Stenosis: Long-Term Follow-Up
14 May 2011
14 July 2011
23 January 2012 (online)
Aim of the Study Stomal stenosis is the commonest complication of the antegrade colonic enema (ACE) procedure, reportedly occurring in 25–55% of patients. As such, a simple ACE stopper device (a small silicone plug sited in the ACE conduit between catheterisations) was designed to prevent stenosis. We performed a long-term follow-up study to determine the effectiveness of the stopper device.
Methods A retrospective case note review was performed of all patients who successfully underwent a primary ACE procedure over an 8.5-year period (January 2002 to June 2010). The inclusion criteria were (i) a minimum of 6 months follow-up, (ii) simple appendicostomy, (iii) caecal/colonic flap. In all patients an ACE stopper was sited in the conduit for at least 4 months and removed only for catheterisation. Data are mean±SEM.
Main Results 38 children were included in our study. Mean age at surgery was 9.6±0.5 years. Surgery was performed in 22 patients for incontinence and in 16 for chronic constipation. 31 underwent an appendicostomy and 7 had a caecal/colonic flap; all received an ACE stopper. The mean follow-up was 2.6±0.3 years. Only 3 patients (8%) developed stomal stenosis. The first occurred 6 months postoperatively, resulting from an ACE stopper which was too small and consequently persistently fell out. This conduit required dilatation. The second occurred at 27 months secondary to a stomal infection and required surgical revision. The third occurred 8 months postoperatively for no obvious cause, and was treated with dilation. 1 patient experienced stomal leakage.
Conclusion The ACE stopper is a simple yet highly effective method of preventing stomal stenosis. We recommend using the stopper in all ACE patients.
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