Synlett 2011(15): 2234-2236  
DOI: 10.1055/s-0030-1261183
LETTER
© Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart ˙ New York

Regioselective 1,6-Conjugate Addition of Boronic Acids and Grignard Reagents to Dienylpyridines

Silvia Roscales, Irene G. Salado, Aurelio G. Csákÿ*
Departamento de Química Orgánica, Facultad de Química, Universidad Complutense, 28040 Madrid, Spain
Fax: +34(91)3945030; e-Mail: [email protected];
Further Information

Publication History

Received 13 May 2011
Publication Date:
12 August 2011 (online)

Abstract

Functionalization of the lateral chain of dienylpyridines was achieved by the regioselective 1,6-addition of boronic acids catalyzed by rhodium(I) or Grignard reagents under iron(II) catalysis.

    References and Notes

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6

Recovery of starting material was observed when treating 1a with PhB(OH)2 using [Rh(cod)]2BF4 or [Rh(cod)Cl]2 as catalysts (5 mol%) in the presence of Ba(OH)2, K3PO4, or KOH (1.0 equiv) at 50 ˚C in dioxane-H2O (4:1) for 18 h.

8

Recovery of starting material was observed when treating 1a with PhMgBr in THF in the presence of CuI (10 mol%) or in the absence of catalyst at r.t. for 18 h.

9

Typical Procedure for the Addition of Grignard Reagents to Dienylpyridines (1)
Synthesis of ( Z )-2-[4-( p -Methoxyphenyl)-3-methylhex-2-enyl]pyridine (2m)
To a stirred solution of 1e (86.6 mg, 0.5 mmol) and FeCl2 (6.4 mg, 0.05 mmol) in anhyd THF (3.5 mL) under Ar was added p-methoxyphenylmagnesium bromide (1.0 M in THF, 0.9 mmol, 0.9 mL) at 0 ˚C. The solution was stirred at 0 ˚C for 15 min and at r.t. for 1 h. The reaction was terminated by the addition of a sat. NH4Cl aq solution (5 mL). The organic products were extracted with Et2O (3 × 5 mL). The combined organic layers were washed with brine, dried over MgSO4, and concentrated in vacuo. The crude product was chromatographed on silica gel (hexane-EtOAc = 8:2). ¹H NMR (300 MHz, CDCl3): δ = 8.55 (d, J = 4.7 Hz, 1 H), 7.60 (td, J = 7.7, 1.8 Hz, 1 H), 7.07-7.22 (m, 4 H), 6.82 (dt, J = 8.7, 2.1 Hz, 2 H), 5.55 (t, J = 7.1 Hz, 1 H), 3.72-3.90 (m, 3 H), 3.78 (s, 3 H), 1.66-1.96 (m, 2 H), 1.54 (d, J = 1.0 Hz, 3 H), 0.90 (t, J = 7.3 Hz, 3 H). ¹³C NMR (75 MHz, CDCl3): δ = 12.4, 18.9, 24.2, 36.9, 46.2, 55.3, 113.7 (2 C), 121.2, 122.7, 123.0, 128.7 (2 C), 135.8, 136.6, 139.7, 149.4, 157.9, 161.5.

10

Determined by NOE measurement upon irradiation of the vinyl-H signal.