Synlett 2011(3): 430-431  
DOI: 10.1055/s-0030-1259390
SPOTLIGHT
© Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart ˙ New York

Danishefsky’s Diene

Vijay Kumar Das*
Department of Chemical Sciences, Tezpur University, Napaam, Tezpur 784028, Assam, India
e-Mail: vijay@tezu.ernet.in;
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
25 January 2011 (online)

Introduction

The Danishefsky’s diene, trans-1-methoxy-3-trimethyl­siloxy-1,3-butadiene (also known as Kitahara diene), was first introduced by Danishefsky and Kitahara in 1974. [¹] Since the diene is very electron-rich it is used as a very reactive reagent in Diels-Alder reactions. The methoxy group accounts for the regiospecificity observed in the ­Diels-Alder reaction, since the electrophilic carbon to which it is attached will react preferentially with the most nucleophilic atom of the dienophile. The electron-donating nature of this diene confers high reactivity and orientational specificity in its reaction with unsymmetrical dienophiles.

The high reactivity coupled with the easy availability makes 1-methoxy-3-trimethylsiloxy-1,3-butadiene a potentially very important reagent in organic synthesis. Its first synthesis was reported by Danishefsky and Kithara starting from 4-methoxy-3-buten-2-one in the presence of trimethylsilyl chloride and zinc chloride (Scheme  [¹] ). [²]

Scheme 1

    References

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