Synlett 2009(9): 1429-1432  
DOI: 10.1055/s-0029-1217166
LETTER
© Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart ˙ New York

Asymmetric Synthesis of Substituted α-Amino Phosphonates with Chiral Crown Ethers as Catalysts

Zsuzsa Jászay*, Truong Son Pham, Gabriella Németh, Péter Bakó, Imre Petneházy, László Tőke
Department of Organic Chemistry and Technology, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, P.O. Box 91, 1521 Budapest, Hungary
Fax: +36(1)4633648; e-Mail: [email protected];
Further Information

Publication History

Received 9 February 2009
Publication Date:
13 May 2009 (online)

Abstract

A simple, phase-transfer catalytic synthesis of enantioenriched phosphonoglutaminic acid derivatives (ee up to 86%) has been developed by using ‘sugar-based’ crown ether catalysts.

    References and Notes

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17

Preparation of Compounds 2; General Procedure: The stirred mixture of the Schiff base 1 (0.5 g, 1.5 mmol), crown ether 4 (0.15 mmol) and t-BuONa (0.192 g, 2 mmol) in anhyd toluene (7 mL) was cooled to -78 ˚C under an argon atmosphere. This was left stirring for 10 min after which the toluene solution (3 mL) of the acrylic compound 3 (1.8 mmol) was added. After stirring for the given time at -78 ˚C the reaction was quenched with sat. NH4Cl and extracted with toluene. The combined organic extracts were dried with MgSO4, and toluene was evaporated. Product 2 was isolated by column chromatography on silica gel using EtOAc-hexane (7:3) as eluent. Crown ether 4 was also recovered during the column chromatography.
Compound 2a: for physical and spectral data see ref. 14.
Compound 2b: colorless oil. HPLC conditions: hexane- i-PrOH (95:5), flow rate: 1 mL/min, λ = 256 nm, 20 ˚C, major diastereomer: t R ( major) = 6.8 min and t R ( minor) = 12.8 min; minor diastereomer: t R ( major) = 9.1 min and t R ( minor) = 65.1 min. Major Diastereomer: ¹H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3, TMS): δ = 0.81 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 3 H), 1.28-1.38 (m, 6 H), 1.36 (s, 9 H), 1.80-2.40 (m, 1 H), 2.22-2.40 (m, 1 H), 2.40-2.51 (m, 1 H), 3.90-4.01 (m, 1 H), 4.04-4.26 (m, 4 H), 7.30-7.83 (m, 10 H). ¹³C NMR (60 MHz, CDCl3, TMS):
δ = 16.56 (OEt), 16.63 (OEt), 18.92 (CHMe), 28.04 (t-Bu), 34.73 (d, J PC = 4.6 Hz, CH2), 37.40 (d, J PC = 15.0 Hz, CHMe), 59.52 (d, J PC = 158.0 Hz, CHP), 62.37 (d, J PC = 6.6 Hz, POCH2Me), 62.60 (t-BuO), 62.71 (d, J PC = 6.7 Hz, POCH2Me), 127.99 (Ph), 128.41 (Ph), 128.45 (Ph), 128.57 (Ph), 128.71 (Ph), 128.84 (Ph), 128.86 (Ph), 128.93 (Ph), 130.18 (Ph), 130.28 (Ph), 135.70 (Ph), 135.74 (Ph), 139.53 (Ph), 139.58 (Ph), 170.88 (CN), 175.56 (CO). ³¹P NMR (121 MHz, CDCl3, H3PO4): δ = 24.4. Minor Diastereomer: ¹H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3, TMS): δ = 1.12 (δ, J = 6.8 Hz, 3 H), 1.28-1.38 (m, 6 H), 1.27 (s, 9 H), 1.80-2.40 (m, 1 H), 2.22-2.40 (m, 1 H), 2.40-2.51 (m, 1 H), 3.90-4.01 (m, 1 H), 4.04-4.26 (m, 4 H), 7.30-7.83 (m, 10 H). ¹³C NMR (60 MHz, CDCl3, TMS): δ = 16.61 (OEt), 16.72 (OEt), 18.92 (CHMe), 27.97 (t-Bu), 35.16 (d, J PC = 4.9 Hz, CH2), 37.74 (d, J PC = 14.4 Hz, CHMe), 59.52 (d, J PC = 158.0 Hz, CHP), 62.30 (d, J PC = 6.6 Hz, POEt), 62.60 (t-BuO), 62.65 (d, J PC = 6.6 Hz, POEt), 127.99 (Ph), 128.41 (Ph), 128.45 (Ph), 128.57 (Ph), 128.71 (Ph), 128.84 (Ph), 128.86 (Ph), 128.93 (Ph), 130.18 (Ph), 130.28 (Ph), 135.70 (Ph), 135.74 (Ph), 139.53 (Ph), 139.58 (Ph), 170.88 (CN), 175.56 (CO). ³¹P NMR (121 MHz, CDCl3, H3PO4): δ = 24.3. MS (ESI):
m/z [M + H]+ calcd for C26H37NO5P: 474.24039; found: 474.24005.
Compound 2c: colorless oil. HPLC conditions: hexane-
i-PrOH (90:10), flow rate: 1 mL/min, λ = 220 nm, 10 ˚C, major diastereomer: t R ( major) = 14.1 min and t R ( minor) = 17.7 min; minor diastereomer: t R ( major) = 60.3 min and t R ( minor) = 75.3 min. Major Diastereomer: ¹H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3, TMS): δ = 1.058 (t, J = 7.1 Hz, 3 H), 1.063 (t, J = 7.0 Hz, 3 H), 3.11 (s, 3 H), 3.45-3.55 (m, 2 H), 3.82-4.12 (m, 6 H), 6.95-7.41 (m, 15 H). ¹³C NMR (60 MHz, CDCl3, TMS): δ = 16.42, 16.46 (OEt), 35.41 (CH2CO2Me), 43.55 (d, J PC = 3.3 Hz, CHPh), 51.58 (OMe), 60.11 (d, J PC = 132.0 Hz, CHP), 62.51 (d, J PC = 6.4 Hz, POEt), 62.55 (d, J PC = 7.1 Hz, POEt), 127.11 (Ph), 127.26 (Ph), 127.46 (Ph), 127.55 (Ph), 127.86 (Ph), 128.43 (Ph), 128.45 (Ph), 128.62 (Ph), 128.87 (Ph), 139.46 (Ph), 145.25 (Ph), 145.55 (Ph), 172.20 (CN), 172.97 (CO). ³¹P NMR (121 MHz, CDCl3, H3PO4): δ = 25.1. Minor Diastereomer: ¹H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3, TMS):
δ = 1.12 (t, J = 7.0 Hz, 3 H), 1.19 (t, J = 7.0 Hz, 3 H), 3.35 (dd, J = 16.1, 4.0 Hz, 2 H), 3.41 (s, 3 H), 3.82-4.12 (m, 6 H), 6.95-7.41 (m, 15 H). ¹³C NMR (60 MHz, CDCl3, TMS): δ = 16.61, 16.72 (OEt), 35.68 (CH2CO2Me), 43.55 (d, J PC = 3.3 Hz, CHPh), 51.68 (OMe), 64.65 (d, J PC = 14.1 Hz, POEt), 66.51 (d, J PC = 126.0 Hz, CHP), 127.11 (Ph), 127.26 (Ph), 127.46 (Ph), 127.55 (Ph), 127.86 (Ph), 128.43 (Ph), 128.45 (Ph), 128.62 (Ph), 128.87 (Ph), 139.46 (Ph), 145.25 (Ph), 145.55 (Ph), 172.20 (CN), 172.97 (CO). ³¹P NMR (121 MHz, CDCl3, H3PO4): δ = 22.7. MS (ESI): m/z [M + H]+ calcd for C28H33NO5P: 494.20909; found: 494.20838.
Compound 2d: for physical and spectral data see ref. 14.
Compound 2e: colorless oil. [α]D ²0 14.2 (c = 0.6, CHCl3). HPLC conditions: hexane-i-PrOH (95:5), flow rate: 1 mL/min, λ = 256 nm, 5 ˚C, major diastereomer: t R ( major) = 36.5 min and t R ( minor) = 22.5 min; minor diastereomer: t R ( major) = 51.7 min and t R ( minor) = 18.5 min. Major Diastereomer: ¹H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3, TMS): δ = 1.02 (d, J = 7.0 Hz, 3 H), 1.24 (t, J = 7.0 Hz, 3 H), 1.28 (t, J = 7.1 Hz, 3 H), 1.98-2.10 (m, 1 H), 2.22-2.70 (m, 2 H), 3.88-4.00 (m, 1 H), 4.00-4.20 (m, 4 H), 7.19-7.62 (m, 10 H). ¹³C NMR (60 MHz, CDCl3, TMS): δ = 16.53 (OEt), 16.60 (OEt), 18.63 (Me), 23.02 (d, J PC = 16.2 Hz, CHMe), 36.34 (d, J PC = 4.3 Hz, CH2), 59.14 (d, J PC = 157.3 Hz, CHP), 62.78 (d, J PC = 7.9 Hz, POEt), 65.40 (d, J PC = 6.5 Hz, POEt), 122.68 (CHCN), 128.13 (Ph), 128.32 (Ph), 128.46 (Ph), 128.48 (Ph), 128.48 (Ph), 128.56 (Ph), 128.68 (Ph), 128.90 (Ph), 128.91 (Ph), 129.0 (Ph), 129.08 (Ph), 130.1 (Ph), 130.65 (Ph), 132.46 (Ph), 135.06 (Ph), 135.32 (Ph), 139.12 (Ph), 139.25 (Ph), 171.90 (CN). ³¹P NMR (121 MHz, CDCl3, H3PO4): δ = 22.8. Minor Diastereomer: ¹H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3, TMS):
δ = 1.18 (d, J = 7.1 Hz, 3 H), 1.23 (t, J = 7.1 Hz, 3 H), 1.29 (t, J = 7.1 Hz, 3 H), 1.98-2.10 (m, 1 H), 2.22-2.70 (m, 2 H), 3.88-4.00 (m, 1 H), 4.00-4.20 (m, 4 H), 7.19-7.62 (m, 10 H). ¹³C NMR (60 MHz, CDCl3, TMS): δ = 16.53 (OEt), 16.60 (OEt), 17.70 (Me), 22.69 (d, J PC = 15.2 Hz, CHMe), 35.94 (d, J PC = 4.8 Hz, CH2), 59.20 (d, J PC = 159.1 Hz, CHP), 62.87 (d, J PC = 4.4 Hz, POEt), 62.97 (d, J PC = 4.0 Hz, POEt), 122.04 (CHCN), 128.13 (Ph), 128.32 (Ph), 128.46 (Ph), 128.48 (Ph), 128.48 (Ph), 128.56 (Ph), 128.68 (Ph), 128.90 (Ph), 128.91 (Ph), 129.0 (Ph), 129.08 (Ph), 130.1 (Ph), 130.65 (Ph), 132.46 (Ph), 135.06 (Ph), 135.32 (Ph), 139.12 (Ph), 139.25 (Ph), 172.61 (CN). ³¹P NMR (121 MHz, CDCl3, H3PO4): δ = 22.8. MS (ESI): m/z [M + H]+ calcd for C22H28N2O3P: 399.18321; found: 399.18296.