Synlett 2022; 33(03): 296-300
DOI: 10.1055/a-1697-7477
letter

Synthetic Studies toward Tubiferal A: Asymmetric Synthesis of a Model ABC-Ring Compound

Yuki Yukutake
a   Graduate School of Chemical Sciences and Engineering, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-0810, Japan
,
Takahiro Hiramatsu
a   Graduate School of Chemical Sciences and Engineering, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-0810, Japan
,
Ryusei Itoh
a   Graduate School of Chemical Sciences and Engineering, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-0810, Japan
,
Kazutada Ikeuchi
b   Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-0810, Japan
,
Takahiro Suzuki
b   Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-0810, Japan
,
Keiji Tanino
b   Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-0810, Japan
› Author Affiliations
This work was supported by the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS KAKENHI Grant Numbers JP20K05485, JP21H01923, and JP21K14616). This work is also funded by the Photoexcitonix Project of Hokkaido University.


Abstract

Synthetic studies on an ABC-ring model of tubiferal A, a triterpenoid isolated from the fruit bodies of the Tubifera dimorphotheca myxomycete, are described. The stereogenic centers at the angular positions were constructed through the stereoselective addition of a C-ring allylborane followed by an Eschenmoser–Claisen rearrangement reaction prior to the formation of the AB-ring system by a double intramolecular alkylation reaction of a dichloro nitrile intermediate.

Supporting Information



Publication History

Received: 19 October 2021

Accepted after revision: 16 November 2021

Accepted Manuscript online:
16 November 2021

Article published online:
24 November 2021

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  • 17 Synthesis of Compound 20 (Reaction of Aldehyde 19 with Allylborane (R)-9) To a solution of aldehyde 19 (1.28 g, 3.29 mmol) in CH2Cl2 (10 mL) was added a solution of allylboronate (R)-9 (1.43 g, 3.62 mmol) in CH2Cl2 (5 mL), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature. After completion of the reaction, which was monitored by TLC, the reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure. Purification by flash column chromatography (SiO2, n-hexane/EtOAc = 5:1) afforded alcohol 20 (1.99 g, 3.24 mmol, 99%) as a colorless oil. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): δ = 5.84 (1 H, s), 4.89 (1 H, d, J = 6.9 Hz), 4.79 (1 H, J = 6.9 Hz), 4.72 (1 H, d, J = 6.3 Hz), 4.69 (1 H, d, J = 6.9 Hz), 4.62–4.60 (1 H, m), 4.24 (1 H, d, J = 12.0 Hz), 4.09 (1 H, J = 11.5 Hz), 4.04–4.01 (1 H, m), 3.81 (1 H, d, J = 5.8 Hz), 3.75 (1 H, dd, J = 10.3, 6.3 Hz), 3.67 (1 H, dd, J = 10.3, 6.9 Hz), 3.50 (1 H, s), 3.42 (3 H, s), 3.39 (3 H, s), 2.44 (1 H, br), 2.03 (2 H, br), 1.90–1.80 (1 H, m), 1.75–1.66 (1 H, m), 1.51–1.45 (1 H, m), 1.29 (6 H, s), 0.89 (18 H, s), 0.08 (6 H, s), 0.07 (6 H, s). 13C NMR (125 MHz, CDCl3): δ = 136.0, 129.2, 98.4, 97.1, 91.0, 82.1, 82.0, 77.8, 67.5, 64.1, 63.8, 56.2, 55.7, 43.2, 35.5, 28.0, 25.9 (6 C), 25.3, 25.2, 24.8, 21.0, 18.22, 18.19, –5.3, –5.4 (2 C), –5.5. IR (ATR): ν = 2952, 2929, 2887, 2853, 2335, 1471, 1253, 1102, 1030, 834, 775 cm–1. HRMS (FD): m/z calcd for C32H63O7Si2 [M + H]+: 615.4112; found: 615.4103; [α]D 26 +101 (c 1.03, CHCl3). Synthesis of Compound 26 (Double Cyclization of Nitrile 25) To a cooled (–78 °C) solution of dichloride 25 (292 mg, 0.648 mmol) and HMPA (248 μL, 1.43 mmol) in THF (3.2 mL) was added LiNEt2 (1.0 M in THF, 1.43 mL, 1.43 mmol). After 30 min, the reaction was quenched with acetic acid in THF (ca. 1.0 M, 500 μL, 0.5 mmol) at –78 °C, followed by a saturated aqueous NaHCO3 solution at 0 °C. After the layers were separated, the aqueous layer was extracted with Et2O. The combined organic layers were dried over MgSO4 and concentrated under reduced pressure. Purification by flash column chromatography (SiO2, n-hexane/EtOAc = 7:1) afforded tricyclic nitrile 26 (225 mg, 0.597 mmol, 92%, dr = 2:1) as a yellow oil. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): δ = 5.81 (0.67 H, s), 5.44 (0.33 H, s), 4.90 (0.33 H, d, J = 6.9 Hz), 4.75–4.66 (3 H, m), 4.62 (0.67 H, d, J = 6.9 Hz), 3.86–3.81 (1 H, m), 3.50 (0.67 H, d, J = 5.2 Hz), 3.41 (2 H, s), 3.40 (1 H, s), 3.374 (2 H, s), 3.370 (1 H, s), 2.95 (0.33 H, d, J = 9.2 Hz), 2.51–2.39 (1.33 H, m), 2.20 (0.33 H, dd, J = 13.2, 4.6 Hz), 2.12–1.35 (13.01 H, m), 1.27 (2 H, s), 1.25–1.20 (1 H, m), 1.11–1.08 (0.33 H, m), 1.04 (1 H, s), 1.03 (1 H, s), 0.98 (2 H, s). 13C NMR (125 MHz, CDCl3): δ = 35.5, 134.2, 127.5, 126.9, 126.7, 124.3, 99.0, 97.8, 96.7, 95.7, 87.3, 82.8, 75.6, 74.7, 56.3, 56.2, 55.6, 55.5, 52.4, 50.8, 49.5, 47.7, 41.9 40.7, 40.2, 39.9, 39.1, 38.4, 37.3, 37.1, 35.3. 34.7, 30.0, 29.5, 28.8, 27.3, 26.3, 25.8, 25.7, 24.4, 23.0, 19.7, 18.7, 15.5. IR (ATR): ν = 2927, 2857, 1456, 1147, 1098, 1026, 917, 753 cm–1. HRMS (FD): m/z calcd for C22H35NO4 [M]+: 377.2566; found: 377.2553; [α]D 26 –27.3 (c 0.87, CHCl3). Synthesis of Compound 29 (Formation of the Diene Moiety) To a mixture of epoxides 27a and 27b (122 mg, 0.311 mmol) in THF (1.5 mL) was added LiNEt2 (1.0 M in THF, 778 μL, 0.778 mmol), followed by t-BuOK (1.0 M in THF, 1.56 mL, 1.56 mmol) at –78 °C, and the mixture was vigorously stirred at the same temperature for 0.5 h. After neutralization of the bases using equimolar amounts of acetic acid (1.0 M in THF solution, 3.1 mL), Ac2O (293 μL, 3.1 mmol) followed by DMAP (1 chip) was added. After stirring at room temperature for 1.5 h, the reaction was quenched with a saturated aqueous NaHCO3 solution at 0 °C. After the layers were separated, the aqueous layer was extracted with Et2O. The combined organic layers were dried over MgSO4 and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was passed through a short pad of silica, using eluent n-hexane/EtOAc = 2:1. The crude mixture of acetate 28a and 28b was used for the next step without further purification. To a cooled (–78 °C) solution of the crude mixture of acetate 28a and 28b in THF (3.1 mL) was dropwise added LDBB (1.0 M in THF, 1.2 mL), during which the mixture turned dark green. After 20 min, (CH2Cl)2 (500 μL) was added, and the color of the mixture turned orange. A saturated aqueous NH4Cl solution was added, and the mixture was warmed up to room temperature. After the layers were separated, the aqueous layer was extracted with Et2O. The combined organic layers were dried over MgSO4 and concentrated under reduced pressure. Purification by flash column chromatography (SiO2, n-hexane/EtOAc = 50:1 to 10:1) afforded diene 29 (66.0 mg, 0.188 mmol, 60% for 2 steps) as a pale-yellow oil. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): δ = 5.90 (1 H, s), 5.61 (1 H, s), 4.91 (1 H, d, J = 6.3 Hz), 4.73 (1 H, d, J = 6.9 Hz), 4.72 (1 H, d, J = 6.9 Hz), 4.69 (1 H, d, J = 6.9 Hz), 3.57–3.62 (1 H, m), 3.43 (3 H, s), 3.38 (3 H, s), 3.09 (1 H, d, J = 9.2 Hz), 2.54 (1 H, dd, J = 13.2, 5.7 Hz), 2.19–2.06 (5 H, m), 2.00 (1 H, t, J = 13.8 Hz), 1.73 (2 H, d, J = 12.1 Hz), 1.43–1.48 (2 H, m), 1.20–1.38 (3 H, m), 1.03 (3 H, s), 0.77 (3 H, s). 13C NMR (125 MHz, CDCl3): δ = 140.1, 132.8, 131.1, 129.8, 99.0, 96.3, 88.1, 78.6, 56.3, 55.4, 49.9, 46.0, 42.4, 41.0, 31.9, 31.8, 29.0, 26.1, 24.9, 22.0, 15.9. IR (ATR): ν = 2925, 2851, 2826, 1441, 1148, 1103, 1026, 979, 915, 755 cm–1. HRMS (FD): m/z calcd for C21H34O4 [M]+: 350.2457; found: 350.2463; [α]D 26 +46.7 (c 1.22, CHCl3).