Dtsch Med Wochenschr 2022; 147(04): 151-156
DOI: 10.1055/a-1542-6120
Dossier

Kognitives Screening in der Praxis – Was ist sinnvoll?

Cognitive Screening by the Doctor – What makes sense?
Marc Schwind

Um eine Demenz sachgerecht zu diagnostizieren, müssen Spezialisten verschiedener medizinischer Disziplinen einbezogen werden. Bereits in der hausärztlichen Praxis ist es aber relativ einfach herauszufinden, ob eine weitere Abklärung erforderlich ist oder „Watch and Wait“ zunächst genügt. Welche Tests zur Verfügung stehen und wie hilfreich sie sind, erklärt dieser Beitrag.

Abstract

For initial cognitive diagnostics in the practice, various screening tools in the form of short paper-pencil-tests are available. Such initial screenings take between 5 and 15 minutes, but do not replace detailed neuropsychological diagnostics. Of the screening-tools reviewed, DemTect is suitable for suspected early onset dementia, while MMSE and MoCA cover other cognitive domains in greater detail. BrainCheck provides clear conclusion results and is recommended for practice. A more comprehensive diagnosis of dementia is not possible with the screening tools reviewed. However, they can help to decide whether a detailed dementia analysis is necessary or whether one can wait with it. The screening methods reviewed are freely available on the internet.



Publication History

Article published online:
14 February 2022

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