Endoscopy 2007; 39: E231-E232
DOI: 10.1055/s-2007-966145
Unusual cases and technical notes

© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Depressed-type early adenocarcinoma of the terminal ileum

K.  Hotta1 , A.  Tomori1 , T.  Oyama1 , Y.  Miyata1
  • 1Department of Gastroenterology, Saku Central Hospital, Nagano, Japan
Weitere Informationen

K. Hotta, MD

Department of Gastroenterology
Saku Central Hospital

197 Usuda
Saku, Nagano 384-0301
Japan

Fax: +81-267-82-3025

eMail: kinichi1@janis.or.jp

Publikationsverlauf

Publikationsdatum:
08. August 2007 (online)

Inhaltsübersicht

Depressed-type neoplasm of the jejunum and the ileum has not yet been recognized. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of depressed-type primary adenocarcinoma of the ileum.

A 62-year-old man underwent total colonoscopy. A small reddish depressed lesion with marginal elevation, 5 mm in diameter, was detected in the terminal ileum ([Fig. 1 a]). A chromoendoscopic view with indigo carmine dye showed a star-shaped demarcation line of the depressed lesion ([Fig. 1 b]). A magnifying endoscopic view with crystal violet staining showed small round and tubular pit patterns ([Fig. 1 c]). With these findings, we diagnosed intramucosal neoplasm.

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Fig. 1 a Conventional endoscopic view showed a shallow depressed lesion in the terminal ileum. b Chromoendoscopic view with indigo carmine dye showed a star-shaped demarcation line of the depressed lesion. c Magnifying endoscopic view with crystal violet staining showed regular arrangement of small round and tubular pit patterns.

An endoscopic mucosal resection was performed, and the resected lesion measured 5 × 4 mm. Stereomicroscopic view showed a star-shaped, depressed lesion with marginal elevation ([Fig. 2 a]). A histopathologic cross section revealed an intramucosal depressed neoplasm with lamina propria invasion ([Fig. 2 b]). A high-power view revealed well-differentiated adenocarcinoma ([Fig. 2 c]). Cancer-cell nuclei were positive in p53 immunohistochemical staining. A polymerase chain reaction-single strand conformation polymorphism (PCR-SSCP) study of p53 genes revealed some mutations of exon 6, 7, and 8. K-ras codon 12 mutations (PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism [RFLP]) were not observed.

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Fig. 2 a Stereomicroscopic view showed a star-shaped depressed lesion with marginal elevation. b Histopathologic cross section revealed an intramucosal depressed neoplasm with lamina propria invasion (H & E, original magnification × 10). c High-power view revealed well-differentiated adenocarcinoma (H&E, original magnification × 200).

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Qualität:

Video 1 Video clip shows conventional and magnifying endoscopic features of depressed type adenocarcinoma of the terminal ileum, and procedure of endoscopic mucosal resection.

Morphological appearance was classified as type 0-IIc in the Paris endoscopic classification [1], and mimicked a depressed-type colorectal cancer advocated by Kudo [2]. It had been reported that K-ras mutations were absent in depressed-type colorectal cancers [3] [4]. It was reported that rates of p53 positivity in depressed-type colorectal neoplastic lesions were higher in carcinomas and high-grade neoplasms than in low-grade neoplasms [5]. Therefore the characterizations of the genetic change, such as p53 and K-ras, were mimicking depressed-type colorectal cancer.

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Acknowledgement

Our deep appreciation goes to Professor T. Fujimori, PhD, and S. Fujii, PhD, from the Department of Pathology of Dokkyo University, for their cooperation on pathological diagnosis.

Endoscopy_UCTN_Code_CCL_1AC_2AC

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References

K. Hotta, MD

Department of Gastroenterology
Saku Central Hospital

197 Usuda
Saku, Nagano 384-0301
Japan

Fax: +81-267-82-3025

eMail: kinichi1@janis.or.jp

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References

K. Hotta, MD

Department of Gastroenterology
Saku Central Hospital

197 Usuda
Saku, Nagano 384-0301
Japan

Fax: +81-267-82-3025

eMail: kinichi1@janis.or.jp

Zoom Image
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Zoom Image

Fig. 1 a Conventional endoscopic view showed a shallow depressed lesion in the terminal ileum. b Chromoendoscopic view with indigo carmine dye showed a star-shaped demarcation line of the depressed lesion. c Magnifying endoscopic view with crystal violet staining showed regular arrangement of small round and tubular pit patterns.

Zoom Image

Fig. 2 a Stereomicroscopic view showed a star-shaped depressed lesion with marginal elevation. b Histopathologic cross section revealed an intramucosal depressed neoplasm with lamina propria invasion (H & E, original magnification × 10). c High-power view revealed well-differentiated adenocarcinoma (H&E, original magnification × 200).

Zoom Image
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