Subscribe to RSS
Identification of the First Enzyme-Catalyzed Alder–Ene Reaction
An Enzymatic Alder–Ene Reaction.
The groups of Zhou, Houk, and Tang report the discovery of an enzymatic Alder–ene reaction, involved in the biosynthesis of the leporin 2-pyridone alkaloids pyridoxatin and cordypyridone. The predicted SAM-independent O-methyltransferase-fold (OMT-fold) enzymes AdxI, EpiI, PdxI, ModxI, UpiI, and HpiI were identified as pericyclase enzymes that catalyze the stereoselective dehydration of the alcohol substrate to a (Z)-quinone methide and its subsequent pericyclic transformations. The origin of periselectivity was unraveled by a combination of computational studies, crystallography, and site-directed mutagenesis.
The authors expanded the array of known pericyclase enzymes by identifying two homologous groups of enzymes that catalyze the same stereoselective syn-dehydration of a pyridone alcohol substrate, but with divergent periselectivity. Crystal structure data of PdxI and computations suggest that a lysine residue acts as general acid catalyst to favor the Alder–ene over the hetero-Diels–Alder pathway. In HpiI, a valine residue in the active site is substituted by a methionine residue that prevents this key interaction thus selectively providing the O4-hetero-Diels–Alder product.
16 December 2020 (online)
© 2020. Thieme. All rights reserved
Georg Thieme Verlag KG
Rüdigerstraße 14, 70469 Stuttgart, Germany