Endoscopy 2015; 47(S 01): E538-E539
DOI: 10.1055/s-0034-1393141
Cases and Techniques Library (CTL)
© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Endoscopic submucosal dissection for venous lake in the submucosa of the transverse colon

Hideaki Harada
1   Department of Gastroenterology and Surgery, New Tokyo Hospital, Chiba, Japan
,
Satoshi Suehiro
1   Department of Gastroenterology and Surgery, New Tokyo Hospital, Chiba, Japan
,
Takanori Shimizu
1   Department of Gastroenterology and Surgery, New Tokyo Hospital, Chiba, Japan
,
Emi Ohta
2   Department of Surgery, New Tokyo Hospital, Chiba, Japan
,
Yasushi Katsuyama
1   Department of Gastroenterology and Surgery, New Tokyo Hospital, Chiba, Japan
,
Kenji Hayasaka
1   Department of Gastroenterology and Surgery, New Tokyo Hospital, Chiba, Japan
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Corresponding author

Hideaki Harada, MD
Department of Gastroenterology
New Tokyo Hospital
1271 Wanagaya
Matsudo Chiba
Japan   
Fax: +81-47-392-8718   

Publication History

Publication Date:
03 November 2015 (online)

 

Submucosal tumors of the transverse colon that are found incidentally during screening colonoscopy are rare. It is possible for a tiny hypoechoic mass detected in the submucosa of the colorectum by endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) to be a neuroendocrine tumor (NET).

A 51-year-old man was referred to our department for examination of a submucosal lesion in the transverse colon. Colonoscopy revealed a slightly elevated lesion and normal yellowish mucosa ([Fig. 1]). On EUS, the lesion was a 5-mm hypoechoic uniform mass with a regular margin in the submucosal layer. Because a diagnosis of NET could not be ruled out, we performed endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) after obtaining written informed consent from the patient. Recent studies have reported that ESD is efficacious for submucosal tumors that have not spread beyond the submucosa because the dissection line during ESD is precisely determined under direct vision [1] [2].

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Fig. 1 Colonoscopy in a 51-year-old man reveals a slightly elevated lesion and normal yellowish mucosa in the transverse colon.

First, to elevate the tumor, we injected sodium hyaluronate into the submucosa. After lifting the mucosa, we used a Flush Knife BT (DK2618JB; Fujifilm, Tokyo, Japan) to make a hemicircumferential mucosal incision around the tumor. Following the mucosal incision, we dissected the submucosa with a knife. Direct observation of the submucosal layer during ESD showed the lesion to be an approximately 5-mm spheroidal white mass ([Fig. 2], [Fig. 3]; [Video 1]). The lesion was resected endoscopically en bloc. No major adverse events occurred. Histopathological examination revealed a venous lake with thrombus, organized vasculature, and no neoplastic tissue ([Fig. 4]).

Zoom Image
Fig. 2 On direct observation of the submucosal layer during endoscopic submucosal dissection, the lesion appears as a 5-mm spheroidal white mass.
Zoom Image
Fig. 3 There is a spheroidal white mass in the center of the specimen obtained from endoscopic submucosal dissection.


Quality:
Endoscopic submucosal dissection of a venous lake in the submucosa of the transverse colon.

Zoom Image
Fig. 4 Examination of the completely resected specimen reveals a 5-mm venous lake with thrombus, organized vasculature, and no neoplastic tissue.

Venous lake is rare in the digestive tract but is commonly seen by dermatologists on the lips or auricles. Histologically, a venous lake consists of dilated veins or venules filled with erythrocytes and lined by a single layer of flattened endothelial cells and a thin wall of fibrous tissue [3] [4] [5]. In this patient, the lesion was lined by a single layer of flattened endothelial cells and a wall of fibrous tissue, but the veins or venules had changed into thrombus with organized vasculature. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report to describe a case of venous lake treated by ESD.

Endoscopy_UCTN_Code_CCL_1AD_2AF


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Competing interests: None


Corresponding author

Hideaki Harada, MD
Department of Gastroenterology
New Tokyo Hospital
1271 Wanagaya
Matsudo Chiba
Japan   
Fax: +81-47-392-8718   


Zoom Image
Fig. 1 Colonoscopy in a 51-year-old man reveals a slightly elevated lesion and normal yellowish mucosa in the transverse colon.
Zoom Image
Fig. 2 On direct observation of the submucosal layer during endoscopic submucosal dissection, the lesion appears as a 5-mm spheroidal white mass.
Zoom Image
Fig. 3 There is a spheroidal white mass in the center of the specimen obtained from endoscopic submucosal dissection.
Zoom Image
Fig. 4 Examination of the completely resected specimen reveals a 5-mm venous lake with thrombus, organized vasculature, and no neoplastic tissue.