Endoscopy 2013; 45(S 02): E298
DOI: 10.1055/s-0032-1310022
Cases and Techniques Library (CTL)
© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Cowden’s disease manifested by esophageal polyposis with characteristic appearance on magnifying endoscopy using narrow band imaging

D. Norimura
1  Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Sasebo Municipal General Hospital, Sasebo, Japan
,
H. Isomoto
2  Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Nagasaki University Hospital, Nagasaki, Japan
,
E. Fukuda
1  Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Sasebo Municipal General Hospital, Sasebo, Japan
,
T. Yamao
1  Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Sasebo Municipal General Hospital, Sasebo, Japan
,
E. Ozawa
1  Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Sasebo Municipal General Hospital, Sasebo, Japan
,
K. Iwasaki
3  Department of Pathology, Sasebo Municipal General Hospital, Sasebo, Japan
,
K. Ohnita
2  Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Nagasaki University Hospital, Nagasaki, Japan
,
F. Takeshima
2  Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Nagasaki University Hospital, Nagasaki, Japan
,
S. Shikuwa
2  Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Nagasaki University Hospital, Nagasaki, Japan
,
K. Nakao
2  Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Nagasaki University Hospital, Nagasaki, Japan
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Corresponding author

D. Norimura, MD
Sasebo Municipal General Hospital
9-3 Hirase, Sasebo
857-8511 Japan
Fax: +81-95-6224641   

Publication History

Publication Date:
05 September 2013 (online)

 

Cowden’s disease is characterized by hyperplastic lesions and hamartomas distributed throughout the body, including cutaneous facial papules, oral mucosal lesions, and gastrointestinal polyposis [1]. Cowden’s disease is known to be associated with malignancies such as breast cancer, thyroid carcinoma, and endometrial carcinoma. We report a rare case of Cowden’s disease manifested by esophageal polyposis with a characteristic appearance on magnifying endoscopic using narrow band imaging (NBI).

A 36-year-old man underwent upper gastrointestinal endoscopy for a health check-up. Multiple polypoid lesions were seen in the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum. The esophageal polyposis showed multiple small whitish lesions ([Fig. 1]). Magnifying endoscopy showed whitish lesions with reddish tentacles ([Fig. 2 a, c]), and magnifying endoscopy with NBI (ME-NBI) revealed that each tentacle represented a highly extended microvessel (intrapapillary capillary loop) ([Fig. 2 b, d]), giving a resemblance to dragon fruit. Histopathologic analysis of endoscopic biopsy specimens taken from the esophageal and gastric lesions showed glycogenic acanthosis and hyperplastic polyps, respectively. The patient had multiple cutaneous papules of the face, mouth, and fingers. Histopathologic analysis of the skin excisional biopsy showed hamartomatous changes. Ultrasonography revealed small thyroid lesions. Abdominal CT showed no abnormalities.

The patient was therefore diagnosed as having Cowden’s disease without malignancy, manifested by pathognomonic gastrointestinal and mucocutaneous lesions. In this case, the gastrointestinal polyposis gave the initial opportunity for the diagnosis, and the endoscopic appearance of the esophageal polyposis on ME-NBI was impressive and interesting. Because malignant tumors have been reported as a complication in about 30 % of patients with Cowden’s disease, early diagnosis of the disease is necessary. Such a characteristic endoscopic finding on ME-NBI would be useful for early diagnosis of Cowden’s disease.

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Fig. 1 Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy showed multiple small whitish lesions in the esophagus.
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Fig. 2 a – d Magnifying endoscopy showed whitish lesions with reddish tentacles (a, c), and magnifying endoscopy with narrowband imaging revealed that each tentacle represented a highly extended microvessel (intrapapillary capillary loop) (b, d), giving a resemblance to dragon fruit.
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Endoscopy_UCTN_Code_CCL_1AB_2AC_3AB


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Competing interests: None


Corresponding author

D. Norimura, MD
Sasebo Municipal General Hospital
9-3 Hirase, Sasebo
857-8511 Japan
Fax: +81-95-6224641   


Zoom Image
Fig. 1 Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy showed multiple small whitish lesions in the esophagus.
Zoom Image
Fig. 2 a – d Magnifying endoscopy showed whitish lesions with reddish tentacles (a, c), and magnifying endoscopy with narrowband imaging revealed that each tentacle represented a highly extended microvessel (intrapapillary capillary loop) (b, d), giving a resemblance to dragon fruit.
Zoom Image
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