CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · European Journal of General Dentistry 2014; 3(02): 125-128
DOI: 10.4103/2278-9626.134838
Original Article

Burden of oral diseases and dental treatment needs of an urban population in Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria

Braimoh Omoigberai Bashiru
Department of Preventive Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, College of Health Sciences, University of Port Harcourt, Choba, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria
Soroye Modupeoluwa Omotunde
Department of Preventive Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, College of Health Sciences, University of Port Harcourt, Choba, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria
› Author Affiliations


Objectives: The objective of the following study is to determine the burden of oral disease and oral hygiene practices among urban population in Port Harcourt, Rivers State Nigeria. Materials and Methods: Individuals who attended the free screening exercise as part of activities to mark 2013 World Oral Health Day were recruited for this study. Data were collected through self and interviewer-administered questionnaire and clinical oral examination. Results: One hundred and sixty subjects between the ages of 5 and 78 years participated in the study. Females (59.4%) were significantly (P = 0.005) more than males (40.6%). Most of the participants (57.5%) were between 16 and 30 years. Only 33% of the screened population had visited a dentist and most of the previous visits (91%) were to the Dental Center of University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital. All the participants cleaned their teeth using toothpaste and toothbrush with 83.4% doing it once a daily. The prevalence of gingival bleeding and dental caries was 91.9% and 23.1%, respectively. Conclusion: The burden of oral disease and unmet dental treatment needs among the study population were high. Majority of the participants cleaned their teeth once daily; this falls short below the internationally recommended twice daily. There is a need to advocate for the creation of an enabling environment for oral health through government policies that will be focused on preventive and restorative care.

Publication History

Article published online:
01 November 2021

© 2014. European Journal of General Dentistry. This is an open access article published by Thieme under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonDerivative-NonCommercial-License, permitting copying and reproduction so long as the original work is given appropriate credit. Contents may not be used for commercial purposes, or adapted, remixed, transformed or built upon. (

Thieme Medical and Scientific Publishers Pvt. Ltd.
A-12, 2nd Floor, Sector 2, Noida-201301 UP, India

  • References

  • 1 Auluck A. Oral health of poor people in rural areas of developing countries. J Can Dent Assoc 2005;71:753-5.
  • 2 van Palenstein Helderman W, Mikx F, Truin GJ, Hoang TH, Pham HL. Workforce requirements for a primary oral health care system. Int Dent J 2000;50:371-7.
  • 3 Mikx F. Caring for oral needs through the basic package of oral care. Dev Dent 2003;1:5-8.
  • 4 Watt RG. From victim blaming to upstream action: Tackling the social determinants of oral health inequalities. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 2007;35:1-11.
  • 5 Petersen PE, Bourgeois D, Ogawa H, Estupinan-Day S, Ndiaye C. The global burden of oral diseases and risks to oral health. Bull World Health Organ 2005;83:661-9.
  • 6 World Health Organization. The world Oral Health Report, 2003. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2003.
  • 7 Oral Health Surveys-Basic Methods. 4 th ed. Geneva: World Health Organization; 1997.
  • 8 Braimoh OB, Sofola OO, Okeigbemen SA. Caries and periodontal health status of prison inmates in Benin City, Nigeria. Int J Biomed Health Sci 2011;7:137-45.
  • 9 Umesi-Koleoso DC, Ayanbadejo PO, Oremosu OA. Dental caries trend among adolescents in Lagos, South-West Nigeria. West Afr J Med 2007;26:201-5.
  • 10 Okeigbemen SA. The prevalence of dental caries among 12 to 15-year-old school children in Nigeria: Report of a local survey and campaign. Oral Health Prev Dent 2004;2:27-31.
  • 11 Agbelusi GA, Jeboda SO. Oral health status of 12-year-old Nigerian children. West Afr J Med 2006;25:195-8.
  • 12 Ekanayake L, Ando Y, Miyazaki H. Patterns and factors affecting dental utilisation among adolescents in Sri Lanka. Int Dent J 2001;51:353-8.
  • 13 Davis MM, Hilton TJ, Benson S, Schott J, Howard A, McGinnis P, et al. Unmet dental needs in rural primary care: A clinic-, community-, and practice-based research network collaborative. J Am Board Fam Med 2010;23:514-22.
  • 14 Azodo CC, Amenaghawon OP. Oral hygiene status and practices among rural dwellers. Eur J Gen Dent 2013;2:42-5.
  • 15 Sofola OO, Shaba OP, Jeboda SO. Oral hygiene and periodontal treatment needs of urban school children compared with that of rural school children in Lagos State. Nigeria. Odontostomatol Trop 2003;26:25-9.
  • 16 Braimoh OB,Udeabor SE. Self-assessed oral health behaviour and knowledge of undergraduate medical students. Afr J Med Sci 2012;5:55-9.
  • 17 Behbehani JM, Shah NM. Oral health in Kuwait before the Gulf War. Med Princ Pract 2002;11 Suppl 1:36-43.
  • 18 Kulak-Ozkan Y, Ozkan Y, Kazazoglu E, Arikan A. Dental caries prevalence, tooth brushing and periodontal status in 150 young people in Istanbul: A pilot study. Int Dent J 2001;51:451-6.
  • 19 Rimondini L, Zolfanelli B, Bernardi F, Bez C. Self-preventive oral behavior in an Italian university student population. J Clin Periodontol 2001;28:207-11.
  • 20 Bradnock G, White DA, Nuttall NM, Morris AJ, Treasure ET, Pine CM. Dental attitudes and behaviours in 1998 and implications for the future. Br Dent J 2001;190:228-32.