© Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart · New York
Acclimation of Maximal Quantum Yield of Photosynthesis in the Brown Alga Alaria esculenta under High Light and UV Radiation
19. April 2007 (online)
Macroalgae of the upper sublittoral zone of Arctic coastal ecosystems are subjected to darkness or low light for several months during winter and have to withstand large changes in irradiance after the breakup of sea ice in the Arctic spring. Changes in photosynthetic response to high PAR (photosynthetically active radiation) and UV-B radiation (UV-B) in the cold temperate brown alga Alaria esculenta were monitored with a RAM fluorometer to study photoinhibition, recovery and acclimation of maximal quantum yield of photochemistry. Plants collected in the field, as well as specimens raised in the laboratory, were exposed to various radiation conditions including different levels of PAR and UV radiation (UV-A + UV-B). Measurements of variable chlorophyll fluorescence of photosystem II revealed that the photosynthetic apparatus in A. esculenta was able to acclimate to the respective high light and UV treatments within several days. However, two different mechanisms of acclimation seem to be involved. Initially, the rate of recovery of maximal quantum yield increased after only a few exposures to high light or UV. Second, after several exposure cycles, the degree of inhibition was reduced. Data on fluorescence induction kinetics and quenching analysis showed that exposure to the respective UV radiation resulted in an increase of non-photochemical quenching, while effective quantum yield of photochemistry was hardly affected.
Acclimation - Alaria esculenta - chlorophyll fluorescence - light stress - photosynthesis - UV radiation