Endoscopy 1993; 25(2): 167-170
DOI: 10.1055/s-2007-1010277
© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Endoscopic Hemoclip Treatment for Gastrointestinal Bleeding

K. F. Binmoeller, F. Thonke, N. Soehendra
  • Department of Endoscopic Surgery, University Hospital Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
17 March 2008 (online)


We conducted an uncontrolled study to evaluate an improved metallic clip (Olympus hemoclip) for the endoscopic treatment of nonvariceal gastrointestinal bleeding. A total of 88 patients (mean age 63 ± 14, 60 males) with bleeding from a wide range of sources were treated. Seventy-eight patients had active bleeding (spurting in 50, oozing in 28) and 10 patients had a nonbleeding visible vessel. Initial hemostasis was achieved in all patients with active bleeding. A total of 255 clips were placed (average of 2.9 clips per patient, range of 1-10 clips). Spurting arterial bleeders required more clips on average than oozing bleeders (3.2 versus 2.7); active bleeders required more clips than cases with nonbleeding visible vessels (3.0 versus 2.2). Mean follow-up was 397 ± 148 days. Recurrent bleeding was observed in 5 patients, all of whom had active bleeding on initial presentation. Rebleeding was successfully treated with hemoclips in 4 patients and one patient underwent surgery. Clips appeared to be retained well; early clip dislodgement resulted in rebleeding in only 1 patient. No complications resulted from this treatment. Clips did not impair healing of peptic ulcers. We conclude that endoscopic hemoclip placement is a highly effective and safe method for treating nonvariceal gastrointestinal bleeding and deserves comparative studies with other methods of endoscopic hemostasis.