© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York
Endoscopic removal of sharp metallic foreign bodies
08 January 2008 (online)
Metallic foreign bodies have been removed under fluoroscopic control but this can be hazardous  . We describe here an endoscopic method for removal of sharp metallic foreign bodies using a magnetic retrieval instrument we designed ourselves.
After the trial was approved by the ethical committee and informed consent was obtained, ten patients who had ingested sharp foreign bodies were included in the study. Four people had ingested pins, four had ingested open safety pins, and two had ingested nails. Two were impacted and two were penetrating. Pentazocine (15 mg) and hyosine butylbromide (20 mg) were used as premedication. The time required, and the complication and failure rates were recorded.
We used a stainless steel wire (200 cm in length, 0.75-mm thick) with two 7-mm-diameter magnetic discs with a strength of 0.17 tesla fixed at one end. A Teflon sheath (7 Fr, 160 cm) was used as a sleeve, and a ligator cylinder was used during foreign-body retrieval (Figure ). The cylinder was fixed at the tip of the endoscope. The sheath was passed through the channel to the tip of the endoscope. The wire end of the instrument was passed through the sheath so that the magnet was positioned at the tip of the endoscope. As the endoscope reached the foreign body, the magnet was pushed out and the foreign body stuck to the magnet. The foreign body and magnet were then drawn into the cylinder and the endoscope was removed. All the foreign bodies were removed using this method without any complications in mean time of 68 seconds (range 46 - 100 seconds).
We used our instrument previously to remove ferromagnetic coins  . The sharp foreign bodies were light and so were attracted by the small magnet, and the pulling back of the magnet led to their disimpaction. Even the sharp foreign bodies that had penetrated could be pulled out because the head portion of the pins and safety pins could be visualized. The portion of the foreign body with a larger surface area had a tendency to stick to the magnet, meaning that the elongated sharp foreign bodies aligned themselves along their longitudinal axis (Figure ). The sharp end of the foreign body followed the head, thus avoiding mucosal injury.
Figure 1 The ferromagnetic foreign body-retrieval instrument, showing the Teflon sleeve, the ligator cylinder, and examples of the sharp foreign bodies removed.
Figure 2 Diagramatic representation of the ferromagnetic foreign body-retrieval instrument, showing the retrieval of a pin (a, b). The endoscopic views show a pin (c) and a safety pin (d) during retrieval with the instrument.
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Department of Gastroenterology, SMS Hospital and Medical College
112 Panchsheel Enclave
Gokul Bhai Bhatt Marg