Minim Invasive Neurosurg 2005; 48(2): 77-84
DOI: 10.1055/s-2004-830225
Original Article
© Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart · New York

Impact of Intraoperative MRI on the Surgical Results for High-Grade Gliomas

H.  Hirschberg1, 2 , E.  Samset2 , P.  K.  Hol2 , T.  Tillung2 , K.  Lote3
  • 1Department of Neurosurgery, Rikshospitalet, Oslo, Norway
  • 2Intervention Center, Rikshospitalet, Oslo, Norway
  • 3The Norwegian Radium Hospital, Oslo, Norway
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
24 May 2005 (online)

Abstract

Objective: The impact of intraoperative MRI (iMRI) on the surgical procedure, patient outcome and median survival for a series of patients harbouring high-grade gliomas forms the basis of this study. Their outcome has been compared to a matched cohort of patients operated in a conventional manner to determine if the use of intraoperative MRI can be shown to improve the results of surgery and prognosis for this type of patient. Materials and Methods: 32 microsurgical open craniotomies, performed in the intraoperative iMRI scanner for grade IV supratentorial gliomas, with follow-up periods of more than 2 months, were analyzed for this study. A group of 32 primary high-grade glioma patients (no recurrent tumors) were matched for age, preoperative clinical grade, gender and histology and operated during a corresponding time interval in a conventional manner acted as controls. Results: All 64 patients were examined and analyzed for the occurrence of postoperative increased neurological morbidity or death. No complications directly related to the intraoperative scanning procedures were observed and no intraoperative death occurred in either group. The average operating time in the intraoperative scanner was 5.1 hours and was significantly longer than in the conventional OR (3.4 hours). The mean overall survival time for the 32 patients in the study group was 14.5 months (95 % confidence interval 12.0 - 16.6) compared to 12.1 months (95 % confidence interval 10.2 - 14.1) for the matched control group. Conclusion: Although iMRI is an effective way of imaging residual tumor, this study could not demonstrate an increased efficacy of surgery utilizing this technique for patients harbouring grade IV gliomas compared to more conventional methods. No statistical significance was noted between the two groups (p = 0.14). The complication rate was within the range reported for other series, in both control as well as the study group.

References

Henry Hirschberg, , M. D., Ph. D. 

Department of Neurosurgery · Rikshospitalet

0027 Oslo

Norway ·

Phone: +47-230-74323

Email: hirschberg@laser.bli.uci.edu