Int J Sports Med 2003; 24(6): 465-470
DOI: 10.1055/s-2003-41175
Orthopedics & Biomechanics
© Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart · New York

Analysis of 3D Kinematics Concerning Three Different Clubs in Golf Swing

C.  I.  Egret1 , O.  Vincent1 , J.  Weber2 , F.  H.  Dujardin2 , D.  Chollet1
  • 1C.E.T.A.P.S. Laboratory, UPRES JE 2318, University of Sports Sciences, Boulevard Siegfried, Mont-Saint Aignan, France
  • 2G.R.H.A.L. Laboratory, Rouen University Hospital - Charles Nicolle, France
Further Information

Publication History

January 23, 2003

Publication Date:
07 August 2003 (online)


Although many professionals have produced books or videotapes which offer a novel approach to the game, a review of the scientific literature reports limited research evaluating the actual biomechanics of the golf swing in comparison with other sports. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of kinematic pattern in golf swing using three different clubs: driver, five-iron, pitching-wedge. These three golf clubs have been chosen for their available range of ball flight. The measures of kinematic data during swing were established with the optoelectronic system VICONTM (Oxford’s MetricsTM , Oxford, UK) with five cameras operating at 50 frames per second. Clubhead speed was measured using a swing made detector (Bell-Tronics, Ltd, Covington, USA). Seven right-handed male golfers with a high level of skill participated in the study. The results showed that there was an identical timing (movement time and proportion for each phase of the swing) between the three clubs tested, but the kinematics and the clubhead speed were different depending on the three different clubs used.


C. Egret

University of Rouen · Faculty of Sports Sciences · CETAPS Laboratory

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