Thorac cardiovasc Surg 2000; 48(3): 134-139
DOI: 10.1055/s-2000-9638
Original Cardiovascular
© Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart · New York

Prospective Evaluation of 3 Risk Stratification Scores in Cardiac Surgery[1]

F. Immer1 , J. Habicht1 , K. Nessensohn1 , F. Bernet1 , P. Stulz1 , M. Kaufmann2 , K. Skarvan2
  • 1Department of Cardiac and Thoracic Surgery,
  • 2Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, University Hospital, Basel, Switzerland
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Publikationsverlauf

Publikationsdatum:
31. Dezember 2000 (online)

Background: The aim of the study was to evaluate 3 different risk stratification scores in cardiac surgery, based on the hospital results of 1299 patients. Methods: From June 1995 to December 1997, all patients (n = 1299) undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and/or heart valve surgery were prospectively enrolled. The postoperative in-hospital outcome (mortality, morbidity and length of hospital stay) was analysed in relation to three different risk stratification scores (Parsonnet, Higgins and French score). Results: The results of 1299 patients (mean age 62.8 ± 10.2 years) were analysed. 10 patients died, accounting for a total mortality of 0.8 %. 13 patients (1 %) underwent cardiopulmonary resuscitation. In 25 patients (1.9 %), perioperative myocardial infarction occurred. Performance of the 3 systems was assessed by evaluating discrimination with receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves. The area under the ROC curve was 0.761 for Parsonnet, 0.786 for Higgins and 0.798 for French score. The French and the Higgins score showed an increase of in-hospital mortality, morbidity and length of stay in relation to increasing risk classes. Conclusion: For objective evaluation of the outcome in cardiac surgery, case-mix severity needs to be considered, which is refIected by preoperative risk stratification scores. In our study, all the 3 scores showed a high discrimination and are appropriate tools to assess mortality in cardiac surgery. Especially the French and the Higgins score (restricted to 5 groups), due to their simplicity, were useful to predict postoperative outcome in clinical routine.

1 Oral presentation at the Symposium on Risk Stratification in Cardiac and Thoracic Surgery in Cologne (Germany), 15th to 16th of October 1999.

References

1 Oral presentation at the Symposium on Risk Stratification in Cardiac and Thoracic Surgery in Cologne (Germany), 15th to 16th of October 1999.

Franz F. Immer,, MD 

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, University Hospital

3010 Bern

Switzerland

Telefon: ++41/31/6322111

eMail: f.immer@bluewin.ch