CC BY 4.0 · European Journal of General Dentistry 2023; 12(02): 072-081
DOI: 10.1055/s-0043-1771533
Review Article

Tooth as a Bone Graft Material: A Narrative Review

Vishnu Teja Obulareddy
1   S.V. Dental Clinic and Implant Centre, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
2   Department of Prosthetic Dental Science, College of Dentistry, Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia
3   Department of Prosthodontics, Dr. D.Y. Patil Dental College and Hospital, Dr. D.Y. Patil Vidyapeeth, Pune, Maharashtra, India
Toufiq Noor
4   Aswein Institute of Health and Management Studies, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
Francesco Catalano
5   Department of Biomedical Sciences, Dentistry and Morphological and Functional Imaging, University of Messina, Messina, Italy
Giuseppe Minervini
6   Multidisciplinary Department of Medical-Surgical and Dental Specialties, University of Campania “Luigi Vanvitelli,” Napoli, Italy
Cesare D'Amico
5   Department of Biomedical Sciences, Dentistry and Morphological and Functional Imaging, University of Messina, Messina, Italy
Maura Mancini
5   Department of Biomedical Sciences, Dentistry and Morphological and Functional Imaging, University of Messina, Messina, Italy
Francesca Gorassini
5   Department of Biomedical Sciences, Dentistry and Morphological and Functional Imaging, University of Messina, Messina, Italy
6   Multidisciplinary Department of Medical-Surgical and Dental Specialties, University of Campania “Luigi Vanvitelli,” Napoli, Italy
3   Department of Prosthodontics, Dr. D.Y. Patil Dental College and Hospital, Dr. D.Y. Patil Vidyapeeth, Pune, Maharashtra, India
5   Department of Biomedical Sciences, Dentistry and Morphological and Functional Imaging, University of Messina, Messina, Italy
6   Multidisciplinary Department of Medical-Surgical and Dental Specialties, University of Campania “Luigi Vanvitelli,” Napoli, Italy
5   Department of Biomedical Sciences, Dentistry and Morphological and Functional Imaging, University of Messina, Messina, Italy
› Author Affiliations


To treat osseous defects, a range of bone grafts and their replacements have been accessible, but appropriate reconstruction by any bony defect persists as a therapeutic hurdle. Based on peer-reviewed literature, the current narrative review analyzes significant outcomes in patients treated with bone grafts and bone graft substitutes for surgical therapy of osseous defects. Despite autograft, xenograft, and alloplastic bone graft substitutes being employed in several periodontic procedures, they all have their restrictions. Autogenous tooth bone graft is functional in clinics due to different available forms, which can be availed for other clinical challenges. Moreover, genetic uniformity fosters efficient bone regeneration by allowing osteoinduction and osteoconduction and reducing foreign body reactions.

Data Availability

Data are available on request to the corresponding author.

Authors' Contributions

V.T.O. and A.P. conceptualized the study; T.N. was involved in methodology; M.M. and G.F. contributed to validation; T.N. helped in formal analysis; C.D.A. was involved in investigation; F.C. and G.M. helped in resources; L.F. contributed to data curation; V.T.O. helped in writing – original draft preparation; A.P. and T.N. contributed to writing – review and editing; G.C. supervised the study; L.F. helped in project administration.

Publication History

Article published online:
16 October 2023

© 2023. The Author(s). This is an open access article published by Thieme under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, permitting unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction so long as the original work is properly cited. (

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