Exp Clin Endocrinol Diabetes 2018; 126(08): 478-486
DOI: 10.1055/s-0043-119076
Article
© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Effect of Diabetes on the Assessment Role of 2-Oxoglutarate to the Severity of Chronic Heart Failure

Pingan Chen
1   Department of Cardiology, Guangzhou First People’s Hospital, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China
,
Lina Hou
2   Department of Cardiology, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China
,
Yishan Luo
1   Department of Cardiology, Guangzhou First People’s Hospital, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China
,
Lushan Chen
1   Department of Cardiology, Guangzhou First People’s Hospital, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China
,
Shaonan Li
1   Department of Cardiology, Guangzhou First People’s Hospital, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China
,
Xiaoming Lei
1   Department of Cardiology, Guangzhou First People’s Hospital, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China
,
Jiankai Huang
1   Department of Cardiology, Guangzhou First People’s Hospital, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China
,
Daihong Wu
3   Ultrasonic Department, Guangzhou First People’s Hospital, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

received 18 May 2017
revised 03 August 2017

accepted 30 August 2017

Publication Date:
08 November 2017 (online)

Abstract

Background Serum 2-oxoglutarate can reflect the severity of chronic heart failure (CHF) in patients without diabetes. Whether this predictive role persists in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients is unclear. In this study, we investigated this predictive role in T2DM patients and whether 2-oxoglutarate can indicate the diastolic or systolic function of left ventricle.

Methods One hundred eighty CHF patients (76 with T2DM) and 66 healthy controls were studied. 2-Oxoglutarate was assayed by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry/mass spectrometry. Echocardiographic parameters, N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and other parameters were measured.

Results 2-Oxoglutarate was increased in CHF patients with or without T2DM compared with controls (both P<0.01). Patients with a lower left ventricular ejection fraction or a higher NT-proBNP or left ventricular end-diastolic volume index had higher levels of 2-oxoglutarate (median, 18.77 μg/mL versus 11.25 μg/mL; median, 14.06 µg/ml versus 9.39 µg/ml; median, 18.06 µg/mL versus 11.60 µg/mL, all P<0.05) in nondiabetic patients but not in T2DM patients. In multiple logistic regression analysis, NT-proBNP (OR=3.445, 95% CI=1.098 to 10.816, P=0.034) and left ventricular end-diastolic diameter (OR=2.544, 95% CI=1.033 to 6.268, P=0.042) were independently associated with increased 2-oxoglutarate in nondiabetic patients.

Conclusions The levels of 2-oxoglutarate can reflect the clinical severity of CHF in nondiabetic patients but not in those with T2DM, and it can be used as a potential indicator of the systolic dysfunction of the left ventricle.