Facial Plast Surg 2021; 37(06): 692-697
DOI: 10.1055/s-0041-1735638
Original Article

Bony Orbital Surgery for Graves' Ophthalmopathy

1   Otolaryngology and Facial Plastic Surgery Associates, Fort Worth, Texas
,
Samuel DeVictor
2   Department of Otolaryngology, Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University at Buffalo, The State University of New York, Buffalo, New York
,
Aurora G. Vincent
1   Otolaryngology and Facial Plastic Surgery Associates, Fort Worth, Texas
,
1   Otolaryngology and Facial Plastic Surgery Associates, Fort Worth, Texas
,
3   Department of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York
,
Yadranko Ducic
1   Otolaryngology and Facial Plastic Surgery Associates, Fort Worth, Texas
› Author Affiliations

Abstract

The majority of Graves' ophthalmopathy, or thyroid eye disease, can be managed medically; however, in refractory or severe cases, surgical intervention with orbital decompression may be necessary. The majority of the published literature is retrospective in nature, and there is no standardized approach to orbital decompression. The purpose of this review is to evaluate the various surgical approaches and techniques for orbital decompression. Outcomes are ultimately dependent on individual patient factors, surgical approach, and surgeon experience.

Note

The work herein does not necessarily represent the views of the United States government, Department of Defense or its affiliates.




Publication History

Publication Date:
09 September 2021 (online)

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