Facial Plast Surg 2021; 37(06): 716-721
DOI: 10.1055/s-0041-1735309
Original Article

Orthognathic Surgery of the Mandible

Sara Bahmanyar
1   Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, College of Dentistry, Texas A&M Health Science Center, Dallas, Texas
,
2   Department of Otolaryngology, University of Missouri School of Medicine, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri
,
Robert O. Weiss II
1   Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, College of Dentistry, Texas A&M Health Science Center, Dallas, Texas
,
Aurora G. Vincent
3   Otolaryngology and Facial Plastic Surgery Associates, Fort Worth, Texas
,
Andrew M. Read-Fuller
1   Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, College of Dentistry, Texas A&M Health Science Center, Dallas, Texas
,
Likith V. Reddy
1   Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, College of Dentistry, Texas A&M Health Science Center, Dallas, Texas
› Author Affiliations

Abstract

Orthognathic surgery performed in conjunction with orthodontic treatment is commonly performed to correct skeletal irregularities and realign the maxillomandibular relationship to improve occlusal function and facial esthetics. A thorough understanding of soft tissue esthetics, skeletal and occlusal relationships, and surgical techniques is required to obtain successful results. Surgical techniques have evolved greatly throughout history, as technological advances such as virtual surgical planning have become available and widely used to obtain predictable movements with minimized complications. The aim of this article is to review the orthognathic surgical procedures of the mandible, with particular attention to the indications, contraindications, preoperative assessment, surgical technique, and possible complications encountered.



Publication History

Publication Date:
29 September 2021 (online)

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