Facial Plast Surg 2021; 37(04): 446-453
DOI: 10.1055/s-0041-1726442
Original Article

Local and Regional Blocks for Complex Facial Wound Repair

Joy Obokhare
1  Department of Surgery, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Amarillo, Texas
› Author Affiliations

Abstract

The location, severity, and associated injuries of the head and neck trauma dictate the type and treatment location needed for that particular patient. An in-depth knowledge of local and regional block options is vital to the proper management of facial wounds at the bedside, decreasing need for general anesthesia, anesthesia-related complication, length of hospital stay, and overall hospital costs. This article will discuss local and regional block options for the upper-face, midface, and lower face including dentition; complications of local and regional blocks and how to prevent them; and recent advances in local anesthesia. In addition, conscious sedation as an adjunct to local/regional blocks in children or patients with special needs will be discussed.



Publication History

Publication Date:
20 April 2021 (online)

© 2021. Thieme. All rights reserved.

Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc.
333 Seventh Avenue, 18th Floor, New York, NY 10001, USA