Homeopathy
DOI: 10.1055/s-0041-1725038
Original Research Article

Comparative Effectiveness of the Homeopathic Preparation Traumeel S in Third Molar Extraction Surgery: A Preliminary Triple-Blind Clinical Trial

Glaciele Maria de Souza
1  Department of Dentistry, Federal University of Vales Jequitinhonha and Mucuri, Diamantina, Minas Gerais, Brazil
,
Ighor Andrade Fernandes
1  Department of Dentistry, Federal University of Vales Jequitinhonha and Mucuri, Diamantina, Minas Gerais, Brazil
,
Marcos Luciano Pimenta Pinheiro
2  Division of Pharmacology, Department of Dentistry, Federal University of Vales Jequitinhonha and Mucuri, Diamantina, Minas Gerais, Brazil
,
3  Division of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Department of Dentistry, Federal University of Vales Jequitinhonha and Mucuri, Diamantina, Minas Gerais, Brazil
› Author Affiliations
Funding None.

Abstract

Background and Aim This preliminary study aimed to evaluate whether a homeopathic preparation (Traumeel S) might be a good option to control post-operative outcomes (pain, edema and trismus) associated with surgical removal of mandibular third molar teeth. The null hypothesis was that Traumeel S is not different from dexamethasone (gold standard) in controlling these post-operative inflammatory complications.

Methods A randomized, “split-mouth”, triple-blind clinical trial was conducted. Seventeen healthy patients with a mean age of 20.94 ( ± 5.83) years had their lower asymptomatic bilateral third molars removed. Patients were randomized to receive Traumeel S or dexamethasone pre-operatively by injection into the masseter muscle; each patient acted as his/her own control. At 24, 48, 72 hours and 7 days after the surgery, the pain was evaluated according to a visual analog scale, edema through linear measurements of the face, and trismus through the maximum buccal opening. Wilcoxon statistics or paired t-test were used, and a significance level of 95% was adopted.

Results For pain, the results for Traumeel S were not different (p > 0.05) from those of dexamethasone after 24 hours, 72 hours, and 7 days. For edema, the results for Traumeel S were not different (p > 0.05) from those of dexamethasone at all post-operative evaluations. For mouth opening, the results for Traumeel S were not different (p > 0.05) from those of dexamethasone at 72 hours and 7 days after third molar extraction.

Conclusion With the exception of some early post-operative findings, the null hypothesis is not rejected. Traumeel S might be a good alternative approach to dexamethasone for controlling pain, edema and trismus after third molar removal.

Highlights

• The potential of the homeopathic preparation Traumeel S as anti-inflammatory in lower third molar surgery was tested in a preliminary triple-blind clinical trial.


• The effects of Traumeel S were not significantly different from those of dexamethasone for pain after 24 hours, 72 hours, and 7 days; for mouth opening after 72 hours and 7 days; and for edema at all post-operative evaluations.


Traumeel S might be a good alternative to dexamethasone as an anti-inflammatory medication following lower third molar extraction.




Publication History

Received: 16 September 2020

Accepted: 23 December 2020

Publication Date:
25 March 2021 (online)

© 2021. Faculty of Homeopathy. This article is published by Thieme.

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