Facial Plast Surg 2020; 36(06): 688-695
DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1721115
Original Article

Tissue Modification in Nonsurgical Facelift Options

Lucas M. Harrison
1  Department of Plastic Surgery, Wright State University, Dayton, Ohio
,
Ryan Shapiro
1  Department of Plastic Surgery, Wright State University, Dayton, Ohio
,
R Michael Johnson
1  Department of Plastic Surgery, Wright State University, Dayton, Ohio
› Author Affiliations

Abstract

Nonsurgical facelifts are a term for a heterogeneous group of procedures used by physicians to improve facial rejuvenation without the use of operative techniques. Patients demand these services due to the reduced recovery time and generally lower risk. However, nonsurgical techniques, to be effective, must induce conformational change in the cells and tissues of the face. Therefore, these techniques are significant procedures that have associated risks. Understanding the tissue modifications and mechanisms of action of these techniques is vital to their safe and effective use. The purpose of this article is to provide a background of tissue modification in nonsurgical facelift options.



Publication History

Publication Date:
24 December 2020 (online)

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